3D motion tracking system could streamline vision for autonomous tech
183,634 articles from EurekAlert
Climate-friendly microbes chomp dead plants without releasing heat-trapping methane
A new real-time, 3D motion tracking system developed at the University of Michigan combines transparent light detectors with advanced neural network methods to create a system that could one day replace LiDAR and cameras in autonomous technologies.
Malaria vaccine becomes first to achieve WHO-specified 75% efficacy goal
Scientists have identified a new phylum of microbes found around the world that appear to be playing an important (and surprising) role in the global carbon cycle by helping break down decaying plants without producing the greenhouse gas methane. The phylum is named Brockarchaeota after Thomas Brock, a pioneer in the study of microbes that live in extreme environments who died on April 4.
New blood markers may reveal heart attack in chest pain patients
* High-level vaccine efficacy of 77% in African children achieve WHO-specified efficacy goal of 75%* Vaccine, trialled in 450 children, shows favourable safety profile and was well-tolerated* Vaccine candidate, R21/Matrix-M, has excellent potential for large-scale manufacturing and low-cost supply
Patching up your health
When a patient with chest pain arrives at hospital, time is of the essence. Doctors must quickly rule heart attack in or out and start treatment as soon as possible. A new study reveals blood biomarkers that could help. By analyzing blood samples from patients with chest pain, researchers found a unique fingerprint of heart attack in the form of blood biomarkers. The results could help doctors to...
People with heart rhythm disorders warned over cannabis use
Researchers from Osaka University and JOANNEUM RESEARCH develop ultrathin piezoelectric flexible patches that harvest the body's energy to monitor the patient's pulse and blood pressure. This work may lead to novel biosensors and self-powered wearable electronics.
Quantum steering for more precise measurements
: A study of 2.4 million hospitalised cannabis users has found that those with an arrhythmia were 4.5 times more likely to die while in hospital than those without. The research is presented at EHRA 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). "People should be aware of this devastating outcome and be careful when using cannabis if they have a concomitant heart...
Radar satellites can better protect against bushfires and floods
Quantum systems consisting of several particles can be used to measure magnetic or electric fields more precisely. A young physicist at the University of Basel has now proposed a new scheme for such measurements that uses a particular kind of correlation between quantum particles.
Study uncovers human-to-cat transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19
New research led by Curtin University has revealed how radar satellites can improve the ability to detect, monitor, prepare for and withstand natural disasters in Australia including bushfires, floods and earthquakes.
TPU scientists first study composition of pore waters in methane cold seep of eastern Arctic seas
New research provides evidence that people have transmitted SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, to cats during the pandemic in the UK. The study, which is published in Veterinary Record, detected the virus last year in cats that developed mild or severe respiratory disease.
Using spatial distance strategically with luxury and popular product displays
Young scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University as a part of the team of Arctic researchers have studied pore waters in three areas of methane release on the surface. They first managed to define in details the composition of pore waters in the cold methane seeps of the Eastern Arctic seas. The research findings are published in the Water academic journal.
With new optical device, engineers can fine tune the color of light
The distance between the product and the consumer, whether in real life or in ads, can have a profound influence on how consumers evaluate the product and make purchase decisions.
A new sort of optical device allows engineers to change the frequencies of individual photons, putting new capabilities in engineers' hands.
THURSDAY 22. APRIL 2021
'Stickiness' key to better diagnostics and pharmaceuticals
3D printed models provide clearer understanding of ground motion
The 'stickiness', or viscosity, of microscopic liquids can now be measured thousands of times faster than ever before, potentially leading to better understanding of living cells, disease diagnostics and pharmaceutical testing.
A new method for fighting 'cold' tumors
It seems like a smooth slab of stainless steel, but look a little closer, and you'll see a simplified cross-section of the Los Angeles sedimentary basin. Caltech researcher Sunyoung Park and her colleagues are printing 3D models like the metal Los Angeles proxy to provide a novel platform for seismic experiments.
A new study identifies interleukin 11 as a marker of cancer-associated fibroblasts
Researchers Michael Knitz and radiation oncologist and University of Colorado Cancer Center member Sana Karam, MD, PhD, address cold tumors in new research published this week in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. Working with mouse models in Karam's specialty area of head and neck cancers, Knitz and Karam studied the role of T cells in tumor treatment.
Acute ischemic stroke during convalescent phase of asymptomatic COVID-2019 infection in men
A research group led by Prof. Hiroyasu Nakano of Department of Biochemistry, Toho University Faculty of Medicine, found that interleukin 11 (IL-11)-positive cells rapidly appear in the colons of mice with colitis and colitis-associated colorectal cancers. In RNA-seq analysis of the gene expression profiles, they found that high expression of enriched genes in IL-11-positive fibroblasts correlated...
Adversity in early life linked to higher risk of mental health problems
What The Study Did: This case series reports the risk factors, incidence rate and features of acute ischemic stroke experienced by a group of male patients ages 50 years or younger in the convalescent stage of COVID-19.
ALMA discovers rotating infant galaxy with help of natural cosmic telescope
New research has found that childhood adversity, such as parental conflict, death of a close family member or serious injury, before the age of nine was associated with mental health problems in late adolescence.
Among COVID-19 survivors, an increased risk of death, serious illness
Using ALMA, astronomers found a rotating baby galaxy 1/100th the size of the Milky Way at a time when the Universe was only seven percent of its present age. Thanks to assistance by the gravitational lens effect, the team was able to explore for the first time the nature of small and dark "normal galaxies" in the early Universe, which greatly advances our understanding of the initial phase of...
Ancient Indigenous forest gardens promote a healthy ecosystem: SFU study
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis showed that COVID-19 survivors -- including those not sick enough to be hospitalized -- have an increased risk of death in the six months following diagnosis with the virus. They also have catalogued the numerous diseases associated with COVID-19, providing a big-picture overview of the long-term complications of COVID-19 and...
Anti-aging compound improves muscle glucose metabolism in people
A new study by Simon Fraser University historical ecologists finds that Indigenous-managed forests--cared for as "forest gardens"--contain more biologically and functionally diverse species than surrounding conifer-dominated forests and create important habitat for animals and pollinators.
Army-funded research paves way for improved lasers, communications
In the first clinical trial of nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that the compound previously demonstrated to counteract aspects of aging and improve metabolic health in mice also has clinically relevant effects in people.
Artificial intelligence could create better outcomes for bowel cancer patients
New photonics research paves the way for improved lasers, high-speed computing and optical communications for the Army. Using light's speed and the way information can be layered in its various physical properties can increase the speed of communication while reducing wasted energy; however, light sources such as lasers need to be smaller, stronger and more stable to achieve that, researchers...
Artificial intelligence model predicts which key of the immune system opens the locks of coronavirus
A test which uses artificial intelligence (AI) to measure proteins present in some patients with advanced bowel cancer could hold the key to more targeted treatment, according to research published today.
With an artificial intelligence (AI) method developed by researchers at Aalto University and University of Helsinki, researchers can now link immune cells to their targets and for example uncouple which white blood cells recognize SARS-CoV-2. The developed tool has broad applications in understanding the function of immune system in infections, autoimmune disorders, and cancer.