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37,669 articles from Guardian Unlimited Science

‘Remarkable’: Eastbourne shipwreck identified as 17th-century Dutch warship

Klein Hollandia discovery ‘opens up fascinating chapter in rich, shared maritime history between UK and Netherlands’• Shipwrecked: how tech is revealing world of 3m lost vesselsA remarkably preserved shipwreck known only as the “unknown wreck off Eastbourne” has finally been identified as the 17th-century Dutch warship Klein Hollandia which was involved in all the big battles in the...

US moves to simplify Covid vaccines into yearly dose to target variants

The FDA asked its scientific advisers on Thursday to help chalk out plan to move to a flu shot-like schedule for coronavirusThe US is poised to make Covid-19 vaccinations more like a yearly flu shot, a major shift in strategy despite a long list of questions about how to best protect against a still rapidly mutating virus.The Food and Drug Administration asked its scientific advisers on Thursday...


THURSDAY 26. JANUARY 2023


Science journals ban listing of ChatGPT as co-author on papers

Some publishers also banning use of bot in preparation of submissions but others see its adoption as inevitableThe publishers of thousands of scientific journals have banned or restricted contributors’ use of an advanced AI-driven chatbot amid concerns that it could pepper academic literature with flawed and even fabricated research.ChatGPT, a fluent but flaky chatbot developed by OpenAI in...

Feline uncertain? Cats do give clues if the fur’s about to fly, study finds

Study of 105 pairs of interacting felines decodes the cat behaviour that puzzles humans – and flags up the unsubtle battle cry of claws and yowlingWhen cats get together it can be difficult to tell rough and tumble play from a full-blown scrap. Now researchers say they have decoded feline behaviour to help owners spot when the fur might be about to fly.Dr Noema Gajdoš‑Kmecová, first author...

Loyalty card data could help spot ovarian cancer cases sooner

Researchers find pain and indigestion medication purchases were higher in women who went on to be diagnosedLoyalty card data on over-the-counter medicine purchases could help spot ovarian cancer cases earlier and enable more patients to fully recover, researchers have found.Pain and indigestion medication purchases were higher in women who went on to be diagnosed with ovarian cancer, usually about...

Archaeologist hails possibly oldest mummy yet found in Egypt

The 4,300-year-old mummy was found at the bottom of a 15-metre shaft near the Step Pyramid at SaqqaraEgyptologists have uncovered a Pharaonic tomb near the capital, Cairo, containing what may be the oldest and most complete mummy yet to be discovered in the country, the excavation team leader has said.The 4,300-year-old mummy was found at the bottom of a 15-metre shaft in a recently uncovered...

We are all playing Covid roulette. Without clean air, the next infection could permanently disable you | George Monbiot

As rich people plough money into ventilation to protect themselves, those with long Covid are treated as an embarrassmentYou could see Covid-19 as an empathy test. Who was prepared to suffer disruption and inconvenience for the sake of others, and who was not? The answer was often surprising. I can think, for instance, of five prominent environmentalists who denounced lockdowns, vaccines and even...

Misophonia: how ‘sound rage’ destroys relationships and forces people to move home

Sent into apoplexy by whistling noses? Can’t bear the sound of people eating? You could be one of the many people affected by this potentially debilitating conditionAs a teenager, I remember being moved almost to tears by the sound of a family member chewing muesli. A friend eating dumplings once forced me to flee the room. The noises one former housemate makes when chomping popcorn mean I have...

How will ChatGPT transform creative work? – podcast

ChatGPT has been causing a stir since its launch last year. The chatbot’s ability to produce convincing essays, stories and even song lyrics has impressed users, and this week attracted a multibillion-dollar investment from Microsoft. Ian Sample speaks to Prof John Naughton about how ChatGPT works, hears from author Patrick Jackson about how it will change publishing, and asks where the...

Asteroid 2023 BU about to pass Earth in one of closest ever encounters

No danger, says Nasa, from delivery truck-sized asteroid that was discovered on Saturday and will pass lower than communication satellites An asteroid the size of a delivery truck will pass Earth in one of the closest such encounters ever recorded – coming within a tenth of the distance of most communication satellites’ orbit.Nasa said the newly discovered asteroid would pass 2,200 miles...

Six lifestyle choices to slow memory decline named in 10-year study

Over-60s who combined more healthy lifestyle choices enjoyed most benefit, found Beijing researchersA combination of healthy lifestyle choices such as eating well, regularly exercising, playing cards and socialising at least twice a week may help slow the rate of memory decline and reduce the risk of dementia, a decade-long study suggests.Memory is a fundamental function of daily life that...


WEDNESDAY 25. JANUARY 2023


Ignore the ‘superpower’ boasts – UK pharma looks superchallenged

NHS crisis, withdrawal of tax credits and exit from EU blamed for fall in UK share of R&D marketBig pharma is unhappy about the prices it is being paid in the UK – a state of affairs the rest of us might instinctively regard as welcome, as it suggests the NHS is still world class when it comes to negotiating terms for branded medicines. The UK spends about 9% of its healthcare budget on such...

Terrawatch: Santorini braces as explosive volcano stirs

Activity detected in Kolumbo, just off Greek island, which is likely to trigger tsunami when it next eruptsIt has been quiet for nearly 400 years, but Kolumbo, an underwater volcano just off the Greek island of Santorini, is not asleep. A previously undetected magma chamber is gradually filling with melt, prompting researchers to recommend real-time monitoring of the volcano.The last time Kolumbo...

Net zero by 2050 in England and Wales equals ‘extra 2m years of life’

Study points to ‘substantial reductions in mortality’ and significant health benefits if policies implementedReaching net zero greenhouse gas emissions in England and Wales by 2050 will lead to an extra 2m years of life, a study suggests.The UK is legally committed to hitting net zero by 2050. Many of the proposed policies will reduce harmful environmental factors such as air pollution, and...


TUESDAY 24. JANUARY 2023


Humans able to understand other apes better than thought, research suggests

Study from St Andrew’s University gauges ability of people to interpret bonobo and chimpanzee gesturesWe may not be able to strike up a conversation, debate politics or chat about the meaning of life with other great apes, but our ability to understand one another might be greater than once thought.Researchers have discovered adult humans can discern the meaning of gestures produced by bonobos...

Nasa to test nuclear rockets that could fly astronauts to Mars in record time

Project, in concert with US government agency Darpa, aims to develop pioneering propulsion system for space travelNasa has unveiled plans to test nuclear-powered rockets that would fly astronauts to Mars in ultra-fast time.The agency has partnered with the US government’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) to demonstrate a nuclear thermal rocket engine in space as soon as 2027, it...

Doomsday Clock at record 90 seconds to midnight amid Ukraine crisis

Scientists warn of ‘unprecedented danger’ and say ‘Russia’s war … has raised profound questions’A panel of international scientists has warned that humanity’s continued existence is at greater risk than ever before, largely as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists set its Doomsday Clock at 90 seconds to midnight, the closest to midnight the...

Menopausal at work? The government doesn’t want you – or anyone else – to get the proper support | Zoe Williams

A parliamentary committee made some pretty benign recommendations, only for ministers to nope it all. Their approach is like a devilish trolling operationI feel as if it’s quite unusual for a parliamentary committee to have all its suggestions rejected by the government, but maybe I’m doing my sums in old money. Last summer, the women and equalities committee made a number of recommendations...

‘Culture is hard to break’: Kenya’s medical schools face a shortage of cadavers

Medical training is in demand, but hesitancy on body donation means students have little to work with, while an illicit trade in transplant organs flourishesScalpel in hand, Carl Mwangi, a first-year medical student at the University of Nairobi, slices through the brain tissue. “To figure out where the vessels are, you have to dig in deeper,” he says, excited to be dissecting a human brain for...

Space dust from 4.2bn-year-old asteroid could hold key to preventing cataclysmic collisions with Earth

Rubble pile asteroid is almost as old as the solar system, a sign that it can withstand great shocks and may be difficult to destroy, study findsTiny specks of dust from a “giant space cushion” almost as old as the solar system can provide new clues about how to avoid catastrophic asteroid collisions with Earth, research suggests.Three tiny particles of dust – smaller than the diameter of a...

As a girl, I was thrilled by the night sky. Must my son grow up without seeing the Milky Way? | Rhiannon Lucy Cosslett

I love the idea of my boy and his dad peering through a telescope together. But what will light pollution leave for them to look at?I was saddened to read about how light pollution is rapidly reducing the number of stars visible to the naked eye. In some locations where 250 stars are visible, it is estimated that only 100 will be visible in 18 years’ time. Growing up in the countryside, there...

Plucky idea: the feather library providing a visual A to Z of India’s birds

Finding a trapped silverbill during lockdown inspired Esha Munshi to create an invaluable record of species in an uncertain worldPhotographs supplied by the Feather LibraryEsha Munshi, an architect based in Ahmedabad, has “breathed birds” as far back as she can remember. She has travelled all over India on birding trips and has, she says, spotted 1,060 of the 1,400 bird species in the...

Older patients on medley of drugs ‘at higher risk of adverse reactions’

Older people prescribed 10 or more medicines by GPs at threefold increased risk, researchers sayOlder women are at higher risk than older men of experiencing adverse reactions to drugs prescribed by their family doctor, and older patients taking more than 10 medicines are at higher risk than those taking fewer, according to a study.Overall, one in four older people experience adverse drug...

Digital scan unwraps secrets of mummy from 2,300 years ago

Team at Cairo University conclude teenager was rich and he may point to evidence non-Egyptians were mummifiedA new digital scan has revealed intimate details about a teenage boy who was mummified about 2,300 years ago.A team of scientists led by Sahar Saleem, a professor of radiology at the faculty of medicine at Cairo University, concluded that the boy and his family were rich and of high social...

Overcoming burnout: a psychologist’s guide

Last week, New Zealand’s prime minister Jacinda Ardern announced her resignation, saying that she “no longer had enough in the tank” to do the role justice. Madeleine Finlay speaks to cognitive scientist Prof Laurie Santos about the symptoms of burnout, what causes it and the best ways to recoverSince being elected prime minister in 2017, Jacinda Ardern has led New Zealand through the...