Common hypertension medications may reduce colorectal cancer risk
160,468 articles from EurekAlert
Common inherited genetic variant identified as frequent cause of deafness in adults
People who take angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-i) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) for conditions such as high blood pressure were less likely to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer after having a normal colonoscopy.This is the first study to show potential benefits on colorectal cancer development from these commonly prescribed hypertension medications, based on a study...
Compounds halt SARS-CoV-2 replication by targeting key viral enzyme
A common inherited genetic variant is a frequent cause of deafness in adults, meaning that many thousands of people are potentially at risk, reveals research published online in the Journal of Medical Genetics.
Consumers prefer round numbers even when the specific number is better news
University of South Florida Health (USF Health) Morsani College of Medicine scientists recently worked with colleagues at the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy to identify several existing compounds that block replication of the COVID-19 virus (SARS-CoV-2) within human cells grown in the laboratory. The inhibitors all demonstrated potent chemical and structural interactions with a viral...
Coronary calcium scoring: Personalized preventive care for those most at risk
Consider this scenario: A vaccine for the novel coronavirus has been developed that is 91.27% effective. If public health officials present this information using the specific number, people are likely to think the vaccine is actually less effective than if it is presented as being 90% effective. This concept is a real-life application of recent findings from Gaurav Jain, an assistant professor of...
COVID-19 news from Annals of Internal Medicine
An imaging test called coronary calcium scoring can help doctors to make the right recommendation about the use of statin therapy. The test is a 10-minute CT (computed tomography) scan looking for calcium deposits in the arteries supplying blood to the heart. Calcium deposits indicate the presence of coronary plaque, also known as atherosclerosis.
COVID-19 shines spotlight on gender inequity in academia
1. Clinical Validity of COVID-19 Serum Antibodies ; 2. Qualitative Assessment of Rapid System Transformation to Primary Care Video Visits at an Academic Medical Center ; 3. Obesity and COVID-19 in New York City: A Retrospective Cohort Study ; 4. Regulatory T Cells for Treating Patients With COVID-19 and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Two Case Reports.
Cranfield academics call for 'Five Capitals' approach to global resilience
In a new article, a team of 17 faculty members from across the nation, including nine from Texas Tech, examines how the pandemic amplifies gender inequity and proposes novel solutions. The article was published recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
Desert algae shed light on desiccation tolerance in green plants
Writing in the leading academic journal, Nature, Cranfield academics are calling for global resilience to be shaped around the 'Five Capitals' - natural, human, social, built and financial. The academics believe that too often silos exist within Government and within organisations and businesses that mean risks are not anticipated quickly enough or prepared for well enough.
Deterministic reversal of single magnetic vortex circulation by an electric field
Deserts of the US Southwest are extreme habitats for most plants, but, remarkably, microscopic green algae live there that are extraordinarily tolerant of dehydration. After completely drying out, the algae can become active and start photosynthesizing again within seconds of receiving a drop of water. Elena Peredo and Zoe Cardon of the Marine Biological Laboratory provide a genetic explanation...
Diabetic nephropathy: Study results on proteomic analysis do not show benefit
Chinese researchers discover a deterministic reversal of magnetic vortex circulation in a Ni79Fe21 (NiFe) island on top of a layered-perovskite Bi2WO6 (BWO) thin film using an electric field.
Do we know what we want in a romantic partner? No more than a random stranger would
First study on a treatment strategy using a proteomic analysis does not clarify which therapeutic consequence of the test could offer a benefit for people with diabetes and high blood pressure.
Electrically focus-tuneable ultrathin lens for high-resolution square subpixels
New research coming out of the University of California, Davis, suggests that people's ideal partner preferences do not reflect any unique personal insight
Encouraging results from functional MRI in an unresponsive patient with COVID-19
In accordance to rising demand of high-resolution, ultrathin lens device for display panels, the scientists from Korea, UK, and USA have invented an electrically focus-tunable, graphene-based ultrathin subpixel square lens device that demonstrates excellent focusing performance. Such subpixel design is uniquely developed to control the optical path of subpixels of display in visible wavelength,...
Epigenetics: What the embryo can teach us about cell reprogramming
A patient with severe COVID-19 who, despite prolonged unresponsiveness and structural brain abnormalities, demonstrated functionally intact brain connections and later recovered the ability to follow commands.
Fathers are more likely to be referred for nutrition or exercise counseling
Cell reprogramming provides an outstanding opportunity for the artificial generation of stem cells for regenerative medicine approaches in the clinic. As current cell reprogramming methods are low in efficiency, researchers around the globe aim to learn lessons from the early embryo which might lead them to a more efficient and faster generation of high-quality, fully reprogrammed stem cells.
First direct evidence of ocean mixing across the gulf stream
Fatherhood status has been linked to medical providers' weight-related practices or counseling referrals. A new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, published by Elsevier, found that overweight and obese men who are fathers were more likely than men without children to be referred for nutrition or exercise counseling.
Flashes bright when squeezed tight: How single-celled organisms light up the oceans
Study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences provides first direct evidence for Gulf Stream blender effect, identifying a new mechanism of mixing water across the swift-moving current. The results have important implications for weather, climate and fisheries because ocean mixing plays a critical role in these processes. The Gulf Stream is one of the largest drivers of climate and...
Follow-up appointments for children hospitalized for bronchiolitis may not be needed
Research explains how a unicellular marine organism generates light as a response to mechanical stimulation, lighting up breaking waves at night.
Future teachers more likely to view black children as angry, even when they are not
A new study at Intermountain Primary Children's Hospital in Salt Lake City has found that follow-up appointments for hospitalized children treated for childhood bronchitis are often not necessary, and that switching from mandatory to 'as-needed' follow-up care can save families from unnecessary medical care and expense - and may help guide treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Global success for Canadian companies depends on prior R&D investment, receptiveness to new learning
A new study of prospective teachers finds that they are more likely to interpret the facial expressions of Black boys and girls as being angry, even when the children are not angry. This is significantly different than how the prospective teachers interpreted the facial expressions of white children.
Group genomics drive aggression in honey bees
Canadian companies that go international are known to be more productive and successful than those that don't. New research has quantified the reasons why.
Gut bacteria improve type 2 diabetes risk prediction
Researchers often study the genomes of individual organisms to try to tease out the relationship between genes and behavior. A new study of Africanized honey bees reveals, however, that the genetic inheritance of individual bees has little influence on their propensity for aggression. Instead, the genomic traits of the hive as a whole are strongly associated with how fiercely its soldiers attack.
Harmful microbes found on sewer pipe walls
The composition and function of bacteria in the human intestine -- the so-called gut microbiome -- changes as the day progresses. This was established by researchers based in Freising at ZIEL - Institute for Food & Health of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) with one of the largest studies related to microbiomes and diabetes comprising more than 4000 participants. These daily variations in...
Herpesvirsuses hedge their bets to optimize survival
Can antibiotic-resistant bacteria escape from sewers into waterways and cause a disease outbreak? A new Rutgers study, published in the journal Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, examined the microbe-laden "biofilms" that cling to sewer walls, and even built a simulated sewer to study the germs that survive within.
In a new paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Gladstone researchers detail how cytomegalovirus enters its dormant state: by varying the levels of some proteins in its viral particles.