HPV testing followed by cytology and repeat HPV testing may improve cervical cancer screening
160,468 articles from EurekAlert
Human beta cells can be easily induced to replicate, according to study in Diabetes
The use of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing as an initial screening step followed by triage with a standard Pap test (cytology) and repeat HPV DNA testing may increase the accuracy of cervical cancer screening, according to a study in the Jan. 13 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Compared to cytology alone, the screening strategy improved detection of precancerous...
Insights into polymer film instability could aid high tech industries
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have successfully induced human insulin-producing cells, known as beta cells, to replicate robustly in a living animal, as well as in the lab. The discovery not only could improve models and methods for studying diabetes, but also opens up new possibilities for treating the condition.
Intake of certain fatty acid appears to improve neurodevelopment for preterm girls, but not boys
While exploring the properties of polymer formation a team of scientists at NIST made a fundamental discovery about these materials that could improve methods of creating the stable crystalline films that are widely used in electronics applications -- and also offer insight into a range of other phenomena.
Journal Chest: January news briefs
Preterm infant girls who received a high amount of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, an omega-3 fatty acid) had higher measures of neurodevelopment than preterm girls who received a standard amount of DHA, but this effect was not seen among preterm boys, according to a study in the Jan. 14 issue of JAMA.
Letting infants watch TV can do more harm than good says wide-ranging international review
News briefs from the January issue of CHEST highlight studies related to the use of compression devices for restless legs syndrome, COPD and depression, and improved HIV survival rates.
Little or no evidence that herbal remedies relieve menopausal symptoms
Letting children under two watch TV can do more harm than good, says a leading US child expert. Professor Christakis, from Seattle Children's Hospital and the University of Washington, looked at 78 studies published over the last 25 years.
Low-cost strategy developed for curbing computer worms
There is no strong evidence either way for several herbal remedies commonly taken to relieve troublesome menopausal symptoms, concludes the January issue of the Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin. And for some, there is hardly any evidence at all.
Meta-analysis confirms value of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy for women with BRCA mutations
A new, cost-effective strategy to limit the spread of worms through computer networks has been developed by researchers at UC Davis and Intel Corp. The two-pronged plan compiles suspicious incoming activity from the network's computers to create an early-warning system for worm attacks. As the threat level rises and falls, an algorithm determines whether to toggle computers online or offline...
Misuse of Vicks VapoRub may harm infants and toddlers
Prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy -- removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes -- reduces the relative risk of breast cancer by approximately 50 percent and the risk of ovarian and fallopian tube cancer by approximately 80 percent in women who carry a mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, researchers report in the Jan. 13 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Mobile phone use not associated with melanoma of the eye
New research appearing in the January issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians, shows that Vicks VapoRub may stimulate mucus production and airway inflammation, which can have severe effects on breathing in an infant or toddler.
Moves to make more prescription drugs available over the counter won't help patients or doctors
Mobile phone use is not associated with the risk of melanoma of the eye, researchers report in the Jan. 13 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
MyFitness Planner really moves you
Government plans to make certain prescription-only drugs for common problems available over the counter have overwhelmingly been given the thumbs down by healthcare professionals, reveals a survey of readers of the influential Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin.
New analysis estimates numbers of older US adults who may benefit from statin therapy
A study led by Genevieve Fridlund Dunton, Ph.D., M.P.H., a Cancer Prevention Fellow at the National Cancer Institute, indicated that Dairy Council of California's free MyFitness Planner online tool helped women achieve 37 minutes of increased walking and 48 minutes of increased total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each week compared to a control group. Study results were published in the...
New co-chair of atomic scientists calls on US administration to reduce nuclear threat
Researchers estimate more than 11 million older Americans may be newly eligible for statin therapy if findings from a recently published large clinical trial are adopted into clinical practice guidelines, according to a new analysis of the trial data.
New digital map of Africa's depleted soils to offer insights critical for boosting food production
Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist at Arizona State University, will co-chair the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists with Nobel Laureate Leon Lederman. Together they plan to re-energize a national discussion on the reduction of nuclear weapons stockpiles, and a commitment to fight proliferation and encourage disarmament efforts.
New NIST method accelerates stability testing of soy-based biofuel
Responding to sub-Saharan Africa's soil health crisis, the International Center for Tropical Agriculture announced today an ambitious new effort to produce the first-ever, detailed digital soil map for all 42 countries of the region. This project combines the latest soil science and technology with remote satellite imagery and on-the-ground efforts to analyze thousands of soil samples from remote...
New tool gives researchers a glimpse of biomolecules in motion
NIST researchers have developed a method to accelerate stability testing of biodiesel fuel made from soybeans and identified additives that enhance stability at high temperatures, work that could help overcome a key barrier to the practical use of biofuels.
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Using nanoscale "test tubes" NIST researchers have demonstrated how terahertz spectroscopy can reveal the dynamic behavior of biomolecules like amino acids and proteins in water, important data for understanding their complex molecular behavior.
Novel drugs selectively target pathway important in rheumatoid arthritis
The following articles are featured in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: "Glutamate Binding Is Required for AMPA Receptor Trafficking," "Neurotrophins Differentially Affect Neuronal Firing," "Reconsolidation and Extinction Activate CREB in Distinct Areas" and "Loss of Doublecortin Alters Cortical Network Activity."
Novel technique changes lymph node biopsy, reduces radiaiton exposure
Methotrexate , a folate antagonist that blocks folic acid activity, is the most widely used disease-modifying antirheumatic drug for rheumatoid arthritis. It enters the cell via several pathways, one of which involves folate receptor β, which is highly specific for cells present in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Popular cold and cough treatment may create respiratory distress in young children
Information obtained from a new application of photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is worth its weight in gold to breast cancer patients. For the first time, Washington University in St. Louis researchers Lihong Wang and Younan Xia, have used gold nanocages to map sentinel lymph nodes in a rat noninvasively using PAT. Wang's lab is the largest PAT lab in the world, credited with the invention of...
Race and gender determine how politicians speak
New research out of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center suggests that Vicks VapoRub, the popular menthol compound used to relieve symptoms of cough and congestion, may instead create respiratory distress in infants and small children.
RAND launches unique tool to evaluate health reform proposals
Race and gender influence the way politicians speak, which is not always to their advantage. Camelia Suleiman from Florida International University and Daniel O'Connell from Georgetown University in the US have come to this conclusion as a result of their findings, published online in Springer's Journal of Psycholinguistic Research.
Researchers identify another potential biomarker
Like our health-care system itself, the subject of health-care reform is complex. Every policy prescription to solve one problem will ripple through the system in ways not easily seen or understood. RAND Health created COMPARE in recognition of these complexities and the need for an unbiased source to aid policymakers with the reform efforts ahead.
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have demonstrated that a recently discovered class of molecule called microRNA (miRNAs), regulate the gene expression changes in airway cells that occur with smoking and lung cancer. These findings, which appear in the on-line early edition of journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, may lead to a new, relatively noninvasive...