Kirigami grips could help seniors keep their footing
5,993 articles from JUNE 2020
Latest climate models show more intense droughts to come
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and MIT have developed pop-up shoe grips, inspired by snake skin, that can increase friction between the shoe and the ground. The assistive grips could be used, among other things, to reduce the risk of falling among older adults.
Lessening water quality problems caused by hurricane-related flooding
An analysis of new climate model projections by Australian researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes shows southwestern Australia and parts of southern Australia will see longer and more intense droughts due to a lack of rainfall caused by climate change. But Australia is not alone. Across the globe, several important agricultural and forested regions in the Amazon,...
Like a treasure map, brain region emphasizes reward location
June 1 is the start of hurricane season in the Atlantic, and with 2020 predicted to be particularly active, residents in coastal regions are keeping watchful eyes on the weather. Flooding is often the most damaging effect of tropical storms, and it can disproportionately affect vulnerable people and ecosystems. Now, in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, researchers study water quality...
Loggerhead sea turtles host diverse community of miniature organisms
In a study in rats, MIT neuroscientists found that a brain region called the lateral septum encodes spatial information with a special emphasis on the location of the reward.
Loss of land-based vertebrates is accelerating, according to Stanford biologist and others
An international team led by Florida State University researchers found that more than double the number of organisms than previously observed live on the shells of these oceanic reptiles, raising important questions about loggerhead sea turtle ecology and conservation.
Making matter out of light: High-power laser simulations point the way
Analysis of thousands of vertebrate species reveals that extinction rates are likely much faster than previously thought. The researchers call for immediate global action, such as a ban on the wildlife trade, to slow the sixth mass extinction.
Measuring climate change
Engineers at UC San Diego developed a set of simulations involving high-power lasers that could help us recreate the transformation of light into matter, and better understand what happened at the very beginning of the universe. The study offers a recipe for researchers at the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) high-power laser facility to follow to produce pairs of matter and antimatter particles...
Mental health of young physicians in China during COVID-19 outbreak
University of Delaware professor Wei-Jun Cai teamed with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists, as well as professors and professionals from numerous research institutes, to conduct an in-depth study that looks at carbon dioxide uptake and ocean acidification in the coastal oceans of North America.
Mice are shrinking, but are climate change and cities to blame?
Anxiety, depression, mood and fear of workplace violence were assessed in a group of young physicians in China before and during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Monitoring environmental exposures in dogs could be early warning system for human health
According to a well-studied but controversial principle known as Bergmann's Rule, species tend to be larger in cold climates and smaller in warm ones. As human impacts heat the planet, will animals shrink over time?
NAU's Vulcan Project fossil fuel emissions show best match to carbon-14 measurements
Man's best friend may also be man's best bet for figuring out how environmental chemicals could impact our health.
New biosensor visualizes stress in living plant cells in real time
Study findings take a dramatic step towards a greenhouse gas information system that can fundamentally change the way cities, states and the nation tackle the climate change problem.
New effective treatment for inflammatory diseases found
Plant biologists have developed a new nanosensor that monitors foundational mechanisms related to stress and drought. The new biosensor allows researchers to analyze changes in real time as they happen involving kinases, enzymes that catalyze key biological activities in proteins. Certain kinases are essential since they are known to be activated in response to drought conditions, triggering the...
New NiMH batteries perform better when made from recycled old NiMH batteries
New research conducted by the University of Liverpool and AKL Research and Development Ltd (AKLRD), published in Inflammopharmacology, highlights the potential benefits of a new drug treatment on the human body's immune response in inflammation.
New review helps translate probiotic science into practical primary care recommendations
A new method for recycling old batteries can provide better performing and cheaper rechargeable hydride batteries (NiMH) as shown in a new study by researchers at Stockholm University.
New study provides maps, ice favorability index to companies looking to mine the moon
Probiotic supplements are widely available and are promoted as a general way to support the gut microbiome and promote health. A new publication in the Journal of Family Practice summarizes the latest evidence on using probiotics for a variety of specific health conditions, providing practical recommendations to assist primary care physicians in advising their patients. The article, authored by...
New test method can offer safer dosages of hydroxychloroquine
A University of Central Florida team has created an Ice Favorability Index. The geological model explains the process for ice formation at the poles of the moon, and mapped the terrain, which includes craters that may hold ice deposits. The model, which has been published in the peer-reviewed journal Icarus, accounts for what asteroid impacts on the surface of the moon may do to deposits of ice...
Orbital ordering triggers nucleation-growth behavior of electrons in an inorganic solid
Researchers at Uppsala University and Uppsala University Hospital have developed a new method to measure levels of the medication hydroxychloroquine in patients with the rheumatic disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The analysis method may also be useful in other areas, such as in the treatment of COVID-19. The study is being published in Arthritis Research and Therapy.
People with Type 1 diabetes spend $2,500 a year in health care costs
A new study by researchers from Waseda University and the University of Tokyo found that orbital ordering in a vanadate compound exhibits a clear nucleation-growth behavior. Their observation is the first of its kind, where electrons in an inorganic solid created two soft phases, and where the nucleation-growth behavior was observed due to the surface tension created between the phases.
Playing video games linked with unhealthy behaviors for college men
Adults and children with type 1 diabetes will spend an average of $2,500 a year out-of-pocket for health care -- but insulin isn't always the biggest expense -- new research suggests.
Pod-based e-cigarettes may foster greater nicotine dependence than other devices
Results from a new study suggest that college men who play video games tend to exercise less and have poorer eating habits compared to non-gamers.
Publication in Nature Communications highlights the preclinical development of SYNB1891
Pod-based e-cigarettes' efficient delivery of nicotine may foster greater dependence than other types of e-cigarettes. Stronger health communication messages are needed around the consequences of using these devices.
Reducing inflammation boosts cognitive recovery after stroke, may extend treatment window
Synlogic today announced the publication in Nature Communications of preclinical data supporting its first clinical immuno-oncology program, SYNB1891, which is being evaluated in a Phase 1 clinical trial in patients with advanced solid tumors or lymphoma.
Report on New Caledonia's coral reefs offers a glimmer of hope for the future
Reperfusion therapy, the gold standard in stroke treatment, returns blood flow to the affected brain area and must be administered within four hours of stroke to minimize hemorrhage risk. Even with successful return of blood flow, full brain function recovery is rare. Medical University of South Carolina researchers have shown in a preclinical stroke model that adding a unique compound to reduce...
The latest report from Global Reef Expedition scientists provides a promising assessment of coral reef health and resiliency in New Caledonia.