5,993 articles from JUNE 2020

The consequences of exploiting the ocean depths

A group of international experts has just published an article in the prestigious review Nature in which they suggest responses to question such as how organisms live in the Twilight zone and how diverse they are; which organic processes transform and consume the zone's organic material; and how the organic material is carried into and out of it

The hidden underwater map of the past

The UPV/EHU's Department of Mineralogy and Petrology explores the rocky, undersea, coastal platforms of the Quaternary to study the formation of the underwater landscape in the past. This research by the UPV/EHU has been published in the scientific journal Frontiers in Earth Science.

The human factor limits hope of climate fixes

Engineering the climate can help lower temperatures and reduce climate change impacts. New research shows that when accounting for human behaviour, climate engineering leads to significant economic and social risks. In a first-of-its-kind laboratory experiment, researchers found that both rational and irrational factors in the decision to fix the climate leads to welfare losses and increased...

The interface of genomic information with the electronic health record

In an effort to provide practical guidance and important considerations regarding how genomic information can be incorporated into electronic health records, the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has released, 'The interface of genomic information with the electronic health record: a points to consider statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics...

The Lancet: Most comprehensive study to date provides evidence on optimal physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent spread of COVID-19

Keeping at least one metre from other people as well as wearing face coverings and eye protection, in and outside of health-care settings, could be the best way to reduce the chance of viral infection or transmission of COVID-19, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis synthesising all the available evidence from the scientific literature, published in The Lancet.

The Milky Way has one very hot halo, astronomers find

The halo that surrounds our own Milky Way galaxy is much hotter than scientists once believed - and it may not be unique among galaxies. The new findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society, held online this week because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

These flexible feet help robots walk faster

Roboticists at the University of California San Diego have developed flexible feet that can help robots walk up to 40 percent faster on uneven terrain such as pebbles and wood chips. The work has applications for search-and-rescue missions as well as space exploration.The researchers will present their findings at the RoboSoft conference which takes place virtually May 15 to July 15, 2020.

Tracking fossil fuel emissions with carbon-14

Researchers from NOAA and the University of Colorado have devised a breakthrough method for estimating national emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels using ambient air samples and a well-known isotope of carbon that scientists have relied on for decades to date archaeological sites.

UConn study examines how Americans are coping with COVID-19 stress

Almost overnight, the rapid emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and subsequent state and federal prevention measures dramatically altered daily behavior. A unique early study by researchers from the University of Connecticut provides the first snapshot of the immediate impact of COVID-19 on Americans' stress levels, coping strategies, and adherence to public health guidelines.

Universal virus detection platform to expedite viral diagnosis?

The prompt, precise, and massive detection of a virus is the key to combat infectious diseases such as Covid-19. A new viral diagnostic strategy using reactive polymer-grafted, double-stranded RNAs will serve as a pre-screening tester for a wide range of viruses with enhanced sensitivity.

Warmer temperatures slow COVID-19 transmission, but not by much

Researchers at Mount Auburn Hospital looked at the impact of temperature, precipitation, and UV index on COVID-19 case rates in the United States during the spring months of 2020. Published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, the findings reveal that while the rate of COVID-19 incidence does decrease with warmer temperatures up until 52 degrees F, further warmer temperatures do not...