Researchers develop novel approach to modeling yet-unconfirmed rare nuclear process
231 articles from MONDAY 6.7.2020
Researchers develop software to find drug-resistant bacteria
Researchers from the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Laboratory at Michigan State University (MSU) have taken a major step toward a theoretical first-principles description of neutrinoless double-beta decay. Observing this yet-unconfirmed rare nuclear process would have important implications for particle physics and cosmology. Theoretical simulations are essential to planning and...
Researchers foresee linguistic issues during space travel
The program could make it easier to identify the deadly antimicrobial resistant bacteria that exist in the environment. Such superbugs annually cause more than 2.8 million difficult-to-treat pneumonia or bloodstream infections and 35,000 deaths in the US.
Running in Tarahumara culture
It lacks the drama of a shape-shifting alien creature, but another threat looms over the prospect of generations-long, interstellar space travel: Explorers arriving on Xanadu could face problems communicating with previous and subsequent arrivals, their spoken language having changed in isolation along the way. A new paper looks at the issues.
Scientists discover a new connection between the eyes and touch
Running in Tarahumara (RarÃ¡muri) Culture. The Tarahumara (RarÃ¡muri) are a Native American people from Chihuahua, Mexico, who have long been famous for running, but there is widespread incredulity about how and why they run such long distances. Tarahumara, like many Native American peoples, consider running, along with other endurance-based activities, to have important social dimensions,...
Simulations shows magnetic field can change 10 times faster than previously thought
Tiny eye movements can be used as an index of humans' ability to anticipate relevant information in the environment independent of the information's sensory modality.
Sorting and secreting insulin by expiration date
A new study by the University of Leeds and University of California at San Diego reveals that changes in the direction of the Earth's magnetic field may take place 10 times faster than previously thought.
St. Jude researchers create an analytic tool that opens a new frontier of cancer discovery
Visualizing the age of insulin secreting granules in cells allowed researchers to investigate how cells' preference for secreting newer granules is disrupted in diabetes.
Story tips: Predicting fire risk, solid state stability check and images in a flash
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have developed software to identify cancer-causing mutations lurking in vast regions of the human genome.
Study indicates that Medicaid expansion has led to earlier cancer detection among individuals with low income
ORNL Story Tips: Predicting fire risk, solid state stability check and images in a flash.
Study reveals secret life of lithium in sun-like stars: Created not just destroyed
New research found that the likelihood of being diagnosed with advanced cancer decreased among individuals with low income after expansion of Medicaid coverage. The findings are published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society (ACS).
Study: Dying stars breathe life into Earth
A new studyÂ led byÂ Prof. ZHAO Gang and Dr. Yerra Bharat KumarÂ from National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) provides a fresh understanding of both how lithium is made, and how it is destroyed.
The electrified brain
As dying stars take their final few breaths of life, they gently sprinkle their ashes into the cosmos through the magnificent planetary nebulae. These ashes, spread via stellar winds, are enriched with many different chemical elements, including carbon.Findings from a study published today in Nature Astronomy show that the final breaths of these dying stars, called white dwarfs, shed light on...
Time to get real on the power of positive thinking -- new study
A group of researchers from CharitÃ© -- UniversitÃ¤tsmedizin Berlin have further refined the use of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. By accurately localizing electrode placement in the brains of patients, the researchers were able to identify a fiber tract which is associated with the best clinical outcomes following deep brain stimulation. The...
To let neurons talk, immune cells clear paths through brain's 'scaffolding'
Positive thinking has long been extolled as the route to happiness, but it might be time to ditch the self-help books after a new study shows that realists enjoy a greater sense of long-term wellbeing than optimists.
To quench or not to quench: Understanding the role of a cyanobacterial photosystem protein
To make new memories, our brain cells first must find one another. But scientists are still learning just how these connections form in response to new experiences and information. Now, a study by scientists in UC San Francisco's Weill Institute for Neurosciences has identified a surprising new way that the brain's immune cells help out.
U of SC: How non-alcoholic fatty liver disease causes Alzheimer's-like neuroinflammation
Photosynthesis is one of the most fundamental processes that support life on earth. The mechanistic details of how the energy captured from the sun is transferred within the cellular photosynthetic structures are still not understood well. A group of scientists from Okayama University, Japan, analyzed the structural and spectroscopic data of the 'IsiA-PSI' supercomplex, and have unraveled a part...
US hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, azithromycin outpatient prescriptions October 2019-March 2020
Research from UofSC associate professor Saurabh Chatterjee's laboratory in Environmental Health Sciences at the Arnold School of Public Health has revealed the cause behind the previously established link between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and neurological problems.
Using Epo against Covid-19
How the prescription of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine to outpatients has changed in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic is examined in this study.
Viruses beware: scientists show how bacterial 'attack dog' toxin disrupts protein synthesis
The doping agent erythropoietin could attenuate severe progression of COVID-19.
Walking along blue spaces such as beaches or lakes benefits mental health
A team of Skoltech researchers from the Severinov laboratory and their colleagues have identified the way in which a component of a two-part bacterial self-defense system from the toxin-antitoxin family works, leading to cell dormancy that helps fight off bacterial viruses, antibiotics and other insults.
What ethical models for autonomous vehicles don't address - and how they could be better
Short, frequent walks in blue spaces--areas that prominently feature water, such as beaches, lakes, rivers or fountains -- may have a positive effect on people's well-being and mood, according to a new study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) and published in Environmental Research.
When it comes to DNA repair, it's not one tool fits all
There's a fairly large flaw in the way that programmers are currently addressing ethical concerns related to artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicles (AVs). Namely, existing approaches don't account for the fact that people might try to use AVs to do something bad.
When metal flows like liquid glass: a technology for producing superplastic wire is proposed
Researchers at UT Health San Antonio studied double-strand breaks with complex damage and found that enzyme tools to resect the breaks are highly specific to the type of break to be repaired.
White dwarfs reveal new insights into the origin of carbon in the universe
Currently, low-alloy aluminium is widely used in electrical engineering and machine building. At the same time, it should be noted that modern electrical engineering places very high and in some cases mutually exclusive requirements to aluminium alloys.
A new analysis of white dwarf stars supports their role as a key source of carbon in galaxies. Every carbon atom in the universe was created by stars, but astrophysicists still debate which types of stars are the primary source of the carbon in our galaxy. Some studies favor low-mass stars that blew off their envelopes in stellar winds and became white dwarfs, while others favor massive stars that...