388 articles from THURSDAY 15.10.2020

Most effective drugs for common type of neuropathic pain

More than 20 million people in the U.S. suffer neuropathic pain. At least 25% of those cases are classified as unexplained and considered cryptogenic sensory polyneuropathy (CSPN). There is no information to guide a physician's drug choices to treat CSPN, but a researcher recently led a first-of-its-kind prospective comparative effectiveness study.

Framework for gauging health impacts of self-driving vehicles

Autonomous vehicles (AV) are the wave of the future in the automobile industry, and there's extensive discussion about the impacts on transportation, society, the economy and the environment. However, less attention has been focused on the potential health impacts of self-driving vehicles.

How officials are protecting the election from ransomware hackers

Hackers played a significant role in the 2016 election, when the Russian government hacked into the Democratic campaign and ran an information operation that dominated national headlines. American law enforcement, intelligence services, and even Republican lawmakers have concluded, repeatedly, that Moscow sought to interfere with the election in favor of Donald Trump.Meanwhile, in the last four...

Nasa's James Webb space telescope passes launch simulation tests

Environmental tests exposed spacecraft to vibrations and noise it will face during ascentThe James Webb space telescope has successfully completed a series of tests to simulate the harsh conditions it will experience during launch. Known as environmental tests, they subjected the spacecraft to the noise and the vibrations associated with being blasted into orbit. JWST received 140 decibels of...

Symptoms all in your head—or in your gut? Maybe a little of both.

Anyone who has ever experienced "butterflies in the stomach" before giving a big presentation won't be surprised to learn there is an actual physical connection between their gut and their brain. Neuroscientists and medical professionals call this the "gut-brain-axis" (GBA). A better understanding of the GBA could lead to treatments and cures for neurological mood disorders like depression and...

Bark beetle outbreaks benefit wild bee populations, habitat

When southern Rocky Mountain forests are viewed from a distance these days, it may not look like much is left. Large swaths of dead, standing Engelmann spruce trees tell the tale of a severe regional spruce beetle epidemic in its waning stages. But among those dead trees, researchers have found good news. Zoom-in to the ground cover of these forests and there is life, even more abundant because of...

Engineered developmental signals could illuminate regenerative medicine

For a tiny embryo to develop into an adult organism, its cells must develop in precise patterns and interact with their neighbors in carefully orchestrated ways. To create complex tissues and organs—from the pattern of rods and cones in the retina to the Byzantine filtration systems of the kidney—all these developing cells must constantly answer a fundamental but surprisingly difficult...

Phosphate polymer forms a cornerstone of metabolic control

In a changing climate, understanding how organisms respond to stress conditions is increasingly important. New work led by Carnegie's Arthur Grossman and Emanuel Sanz-Luque could enable scientists to engineer the metabolism of organisms to be more resilient and productive in a range of environments.

Monkey study suggests that they, like humans, may have 'self-domesticated'

It's not a coincidence that dogs are cuter than wolves, or that goats at a petting zoo have shorter horns and friendlier demeanors than their wild ancestors. Scientists call this "domestication syndrome"—the idea that breeding out aggression inadvertently leads to physical changes, including floppier ears, shorter muzzles and snouts, curlier tails, paler fur, smaller brains, and more.

Did Lockdowns Lower Premature Births? A New Study Adds Evidence

Some public health researchers are seeing hints that the coronavirus pandemic might help solve a longstanding puzzle: What causes premature birth?Studies in Ireland and Denmark this summer showed that preterm births decreased in the spring during lockdowns to stop the spread of the virus in those countries. Anecdotally, doctors around the world reported similar drops. They speculated that reduced...