116 articles from FRIDAY 3.6.2022

Did volcanic ‘glasses’ help spark early life?

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. When life emerged, it did so quickly. Fossils suggest microbes were present 3.7 billion years ago, just a few hundred million years after the 4.5-billion-year-old planet had cooled enough to support biochemistry, and many researchers think the hereditary material for...

New director of NASA’s storied Jet Propulsion Lab takes on ballooning mission costs

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. On 16 May, planetary scientist Laurie Leshin became director of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), one of the world’s leading labs for robotic space science. Coming off the successful landing of the Perseverance rover on Mars, JPL is readying several more...

New Lunar Spacesuits to Set NASA Back $3.5 Billion

Nobody would have known if I had touched Neil Armstrong’s moon-walking suit back in 2018. I wasn’t supposed to touch it—indeed, I was forbidden to touch it—but boy, I could have. I was in the restoration lab at the National Air and Space Museum’s Udvar-Hazy extension outside of Washington, D.C., and the suit was being mounted on a new mannequin-like armature that...

Let doctors use MDMA to treat veterans with PTSD and depression, former ADF boss says

Chris Barrie says he hopes common sense will prevail and the TGA will allow drug to be more readily used to treat patientsGet our free news app; get our morning email briefingThe former chief of the Australian defence force, Chris Barrie, is campaigning to remove barriers stymying doctors from using MDMA to treat veterans suffering post-traumatic stress disorder and depression, saying he hopes...

Beyond our ‘ape-brained meat sacks’: can transhumanism save our species?

The 21st century will be make or break for humanity, says Oxford University transhumanist Elise Bohan. If we get it right, she thinks we might find something better Get our weekend culture and lifestyle email and listen to our podcastAgeing cured. Death conquered. Work ended. The human brain reverse-engineered by AI. Babies born outside of the womb. Virtual children, non-human partners. The future...

Novel method for early disease detection using DNA droplets

Droplet systems such as DNA droplets, which are formed by liquid-liquid phase separation of macromolecules, play an essential role in cellular functions. Now, by combining the technologies of DNA droplets and DNA computing, computational DNA droplets have been developed, which can recognize specific patterns in tumor biomarker microRNA sequences.

Great timing, supercomputer upgrade lead to successful forecast of volcanic eruption

In the fall of 2017, a team of geologists had just set up a new volcanic forecasting modeling program on the Blue Waters and iForge supercomputers. Simultaneously, another team was monitoring activity at the Sierra Negra volcano in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The teams shared their insights and what happened next was the fortuitous forecast of the June 2018 Sierra Negra eruption five months...

Fifth case of monkeypox discovered in New York City

The positive test was revealed the same day the CDC reported that there have been 21 confirmed cases across the USA fifth person has tested positive for monkeypox in New York City, local health authorities announced on Thursday, saying “we are monitoring the situation and will investigate any other suspected cases”.This positive test was revealed the same day the federal Centers for Disease...

Great timing and supercomputer upgrade lead to successful forecast of volcanic eruption

In the fall of 2017, geology professor Patricia Gregg and her team had just set up a new volcanic forecasting modeling program on the Blue Waters and iForge supercomputers. Simultaneously, another team was monitoring activity at the Sierra Negra volcano in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. One of the scientists on the Ecuador project, Dennis Geist of Colgate University, contacted Gregg, and what...

Novel method for early disease detection using DNA droplets

Aqueous droplet formation by liquid-liquid phase separation (or coacervation) in macromolecules is a hot topic in life sciences research. Of these various macromolecules that form droplets, DNA is quite interesting because it is predictable and programmable, which are qualities useful in nanotechnology. Recently, the programmability of DNA was used to construct and regulate DNA droplets formed by...

Planet-Warming Carbon Dioxide Levels Are The Highest In Human History

The amount of heat-trapping carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has shot past a key milestone—more than 50% higher than pre-industrial times—and is at levels not seen since millions of years ago when Earth was a hothouse ocean-inundated planet, federal scientists announced Friday. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said its long-time monitoring station at Mauna Loa,...

Researchers criticize Senate plan to steer more NSF funding to ‘have not’ states

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. Top research universities in just a handful of U.S. states conduct the majority of research funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), while institutions in half the country receive only crumbs. The U.S. Senate wants NSF to correct that longstanding...

Saving an endangered breed of donkey

Nothing I've read about the Baudet du Poitou donkeys prepares me for my first sight of them. They are girthy, with massive round bellies and oversized ears that swoop forward and back, sometimes independently of one another. They are covered in thick hair that hangs in shaggy tufts, "like mammoth fur," says my companion on this adventure in equine medicine, Public Affairs senior photographer...