Farms that create habitat key to food security and biodiversity
123 articles from MONDAY 4.9.2023
Invasive species problem will be 'worse before it gets better'
It seems intuitive that forests would provide better habitat for forest-dwelling wildlife than farms. Yet, in one of the longest-running studies of tropical wildlife populations in the world, Stanford researchers found that over 18 years, smaller farms with varying crop types—interspersed with patches or ribbons of forest—sustain many forest-dependent bird populations in Costa Rica, even as...
New research paints bleak picture of repeat violence in Scotland
On land and in the sea, invasive species are destroying ecosystems, spreading disease and causing hundreds of billions of dollars in damage every year, according to a landmark report Monday from the UN-backed science advisory panel for the UN Convention on Biodiversity.
Opposites don’t attract: couples more likely to be similar than different, study shows
Repeat victims of violence do not report to the police, even in cases involving serious injury and hospitalization, a new study has found.
Southern California regulators require stricter controls to curb leaks from oil tanks
Scientists find that most partners have shared traits including political views, education levels and drinking habitsThe power of animal magnetism has brought countless couples together, but when it comes to who we fall for, scientists say there’s little truth in the old adage that opposites attract.A study on romantic relationships found that for more than 80% of traits analysed – from...
Californians are moving inland for cheaper housing, and finding extreme heat that keeps getting worse
Southern California air regulators voted unanimously Friday to adopt more stringent rules to monitor and curb smog-forming pollution from fuel storage tanks at oil refineries and other facilities.
China's fury over Fukushima water casts shadow on Asean Forum
Sharon Daniels, 66, had lived in Antioch, California, since 1984.
Fires continue to blaze across Northern California. More than 135,000 acres burn
China's outrage over Japan's release of treated wastewater from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant has dimmed prospects for improved ties when top officials of the two countries meet this week.
Money and politics put world's biggest climate deal at risk
East of Crescent City and Eureka, fires that started roughly three weeks ago continue to sear Northern California into September, authorities said.
Machine learning for chemistry: Basics and applications
When Indonesia agreed last year to clean up its energy system with an estimated $20 billion of help from a coalition of wealthy countries and large financial institutions, world leaders hailed the deal as "extraordinary," "realistic," and "historically large."
What are the blobs in the EHT image of the Milky Way’s supermassive black hole?
In a review published in Engineering, scientists explore the burgeoning field of machine learning (ML) and its applications in chemistry. Titled "Machine Learning for Chemistry: Basics and Applications," this comprehensive review aims to bridge the gap between chemists and modern ML algorithms, providing insights into the potential of ML in revolutionizing chemical research.
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The kitchen is key to improving indoor air quality, say experts
In the EHT image of Sagittarius A*, what are the brighter areas in the accretion disk? Paul KernsIndianapolis, Indiana Although we’re confident about the size and width of the ring, we think the bright spots could just be artifacts of our very difficult image-reconstruction techniques, combined with challenges in imaging the source. The main problemContinue reading "What are the blobs in the EHT...
Next major X-ray mission set to launch
Indoor air pollution generated by cooking fuels such as charcoal and wood causes approximately four million premature deaths every year—a tragic statistic that Surrey's renowned Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) is aiming to address with its Kitchen Pollution Guidance.
New endemic Agapetes species reported from Yunnan, China
The X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM) is ready to launch on 7 September 2023 to observe the most energetic objects and events in the cosmos. In doing so, it will unveil the evolution of the universe and the structure of spacetime.
Air pollution prevents pollinators from finding flowers, study shows
Agapetes comprises about 100 species, most of which are found in the subtropical monsoon region of Asia. In China, 59 species and two varieties are recognized.
Rare archaeological finds show monastery was a social and religious hub
Air pollution dramatically reduces pollination because it degrades the scent of flowers, affecting bees' ability to find them, a study has found.
Study finds education about domestic abuse improves knowledge and motivation to respond to victims
A large communal building, timber-lined well and cemetery include some of the discoveries made by archaeologists at an 8th–9th-century monastery in Cookham, Berkshire.
Blowing snow contributes to Arctic warming
Education about domestic abuse equips and empowers friends, colleagues, and neighbors to respond in positive and helpful ways when someone discloses experiences of abuse, finds a new study by researchers from UCL and SafeLives.
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Most species are rare, but not very rare
Atmospheric scientists have discovered abundant fine sea salt aerosol production from wind-blown snow in the central Arctic, increasing seasonal surface warming.
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Extreme El Niño weather saw South America's forest carbon sink switch off
More than 100 years of observations in nature have revealed a universal pattern of species abundances: Most species are rare but not very rare, and only a few species are very common. These so-called global species abundance distributions have become fully unveiled for some well-monitored species groups, such as birds. For other species groups, such as insects, however, the veil remains partially...
- 23/9/4 19:31
Climate-change-induced migration increases the risk of human trafficking and modern slavery, report finds
Tropical forests in South America lose their ability to absorb carbon from the atmosphere when conditions become exceptionally hot and dry, according to new research. For a long time, tropical forests have acted as a carbon sink, taking more carbon out of the air than they release into it, a process that has moderated the impact of climate change. But new research found that in 2015 -- 2016, when...
Climate-change-induced migration has been linked to the risk of human-trafficking and modern slavery, a new study from the Rights Lab at the University of Nottingham has found.