Scientists unravel the chemical mechanism behind silica-coated nanodiamonds
176 articles from WEDNESDAY 20.9.2023
Turning mixed plastic into useful chemicals
Coating something rare—tiny shards of diamond—with the main ingredient in sand might sound unusual, but the end result turns out to have a number of valuable applications. The trick is, nobody knows for sure how the two materials bond.
Better use of tech in prisons would help with transition back into society, says researcher
Almost 80% of plastic in the waste stream ends up in landfills or accumulates in the environment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists have developed a technology that converts a conventionally unrecyclable mixture of plastic waste into useful chemicals, presenting a new strategy in the tool kit to combat global plastic waste.
A view to killing off stereotypes
Better use of technology in prisons would improve family relationships, and ultimately, a detainee's prospects of transitioning successfully back into society.
Researchers reveal novel AI-based camera alert system to promote coexistence between tigers and humans
Looking for insights into geopolitics? Eager to learn about foreign policy in the Asia-Pacific region? Don't rely on James Bond films for your education.
Looks matter—handsome bank CEOs can earn a million more than their less attractive colleagues
For decades, wildlife biologists have dreamt of a "smart" camera alerting system capable of detecting tigers and other endangered species on the prowl. Legacy camera-trap technology, while valuable for many research applications, has historically been hindered by false positives and an inability to facilitate rapid responses.
NASA team simulates a glimpse of our galaxy in gravitational waves
Appearance significantly influences the compensation of chief executive officers in the banking sector. In American banks, CEOs with more attractive facial features earn, on average, one million dollars more per year than their less appealing colleagues.
Realistic analysis of excavation damaged zone trends in an underground research lab in Japan
Astronomers using simulated data have produced a glimpse of the sky as it would appear in gravitational waves, cosmic ripples in space-time generated by orbiting objects. The image shows how space-based gravitational wave observatories expected to launch in the next decade will enhance our understanding of our galactic home.
Rishi Sunak delays petrol car ban in major shift on green policies
To ensure the effectiveness of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) disposal facilities, the distribution of hydraulic and mechanical properties within the surrounding rock mass, acting as a natural barrier, should be evaluated.
River sampling study shows impact of COVID-19 pandemic on London's waterways
The prime minister claims the changes will support "hard-pressed families" but opponents accuse him of "selling out".
Exploring the mind-mitochondria connection
The most detailed study of a city's waterways anywhere in the world has revealed how chemical pollutants in London's rivers changed over the pandemic.
Impact of Child Trust Funds in the UK 'a missed opportunity,' researchers say
As befits the child of a scientist, Martin Picard's young son, 3, is already learning about biology with an age-appropriate textbook, "Cell Biology for Babies." Picard winces a little whenever the book calls mitochondria the "powerhouses of the cell" but figures he has plenty of time as his son grows older to explain why the tiny organelles are much more than simple energy sources.
Revealing the general characteristics of fiber Rayleigh scattering based on deep learning
Researchers from Aston and Lincoln Universities have conducted a comprehensive study to evaluate the effectiveness of Child Trust Funds (CTFs) in the United Kingdom.
How do zeolite-encapsulated metal catalysts act on hydrogen-related catalytic reactions?
Scattering in media has unique inherent randomness. Fiber Rayleigh scattering is one of the typical scattering effects. The exploration and understanding of the characteristics of fiber Rayleigh scattering holds significant research value for optical fiber sensing, random fiber lasers, etc.
New research findings: Understanding the sex life of coral gives hope of clawing it back from the path to extinction
Zeolites encapsulated metal and metal oxide species (regarded as metal@zeolite) are an important type of heterogeneous catalyst. They give performances that steadily outperform the traditional supported catalysts in many important reactions and have become a research hotspot. Remarkable achievements have been made dealing with the synthesis, characterization, and performances of metal species...
Unveiling the aquatic marvel: The rock-climbing fish and its adhesion-sliding feat
For the first time, scientists have mapped the reproductive strategies and life cycle of an endangered coral species, offering hope it can be clawed back from the path to extinction.
Incentive programs doubled cover crop use by farmers: Study
Underwater "traffic" encompasses a fascinating variety of creatures, from fish with their graceful swimming postures to jet-propelled jellyfish and remoras hitching rides on other organisms. Among these, a remarkable species known as the "underwater gecko," the rock-climbing fish (Beaufortia kweichowensis), stands out. This extraordinary creature possesses a unique set of abilities—it can...
The Tibetan Plateau bridge: Remote climate effects of extratropical and tropical forcing
A survey of farmers in four Northeast states, including New York, found that incentive payments encouraged participants to plant twice as many acres of cover crops as they did prior to receiving funds—a change that can both improve their farms and mitigate climate change.
Researchers advance topological superconductors for quantum computing
The Tibetan Plateau (TP), which is located in the subtropics of eastern Eurasia, could act as a bridge spanning from the mid-to-high-latitude forcing on the tropical climate, as well as from the tropical region to subtropical systems. Knowledge of the TP bridge and its role in climate variability has advanced over the past several years.
Gray wolf personality research uses puzzle boxes, rain sticks
Quantum computers process information using quantum bits, or qubits, based on fragile, short-lived quantum mechanical states. To make qubits robust and tailor them for applications, researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory sought to create a new material system.
Ensuring effective visual communication of climate change
Researchers using puzzle boxes, rain sticks and papier-mâché balls are studying captive gray wolves at the Oakland Zoo and the California Wolf Center to evaluate personality and problem-solving skills of the endangered animals.
Ancient Amazonians created mysterious ‘dark earth’ on purpose
The consequences of a warming climate frequently dominated the news this summer, from devastating wildfires and floods to deadly heat waves across the globe. Reducing harm from climate change is a challenging endeavor, and it requires comprehensive public education. Thus, the question arises: How can climate change science be made most accessible to the general population, as well as...
Mysterious patches of fertile black soil pepper the verdant Amazon rainforest. They sit in stark contrast with the reddish, eroded soil that dominates the basin. Researchers have long thought this Amazonian dark earth—or
—was created by pre-Hispanic Indigenous civilizations, which have inhabited the region for millennia, but it wasn’t clear how. Now, a...