BERT tells ERNI it's time to grow a brain
163,091 articles from EurekAlert
Breast cancer risk varies among women who are carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations
UCL scientists have discovered how two proteins called BERT and ERNI interact in embryos to control when different organ systems in the body start to form, deepening our understanding of the development of the brain and nervous system and stem cell behaviour.
Breast cancer risk varies significantly among BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers
Breast cancer risk varies widely among women who are carriers of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, according to a new study published in the Jan. 9, 2008, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Carrot cake study on sugar in type 2 diabetes
There is a broad variation in the risk of developing breast cancer among people who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutation, according to a study in the Jan. 9/16 issue of JAMA.
Children's Hospital physicians publish review of transplant issues in patients with biliary atresia
Patients with type 2 diabetes are often advised to limit sucrose (table sugar) intake. A new study has shown that patients who increased their daily sugar intake (in the form of carrot cake) but maintained a stable body weight, showed no adverse changes in their condition.
Cornell patents a pink lily look-alike that blooms all summer long
The most common indication worldwide for pediatric transplantation, biliary atresia is also the most common cause of chronic liver disease in newborns. Recently, Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC physicians completed a review of issues that children with biliary atresia face that lead to the need for transplantation.
Device prevents potential errors in children's medications
Mauve Majesty is a new pink ornamental, developed by professor Mark Bridgen and patented by Cornell University, that can bloom all summer long in the cooler, northern states until the first hard freeze in the fall.
Diabetes medication and lifestyle changes can help treat weight gain induced by antipsychotic drugs
A device designed to eliminate mistakes made while mixing compounds at a hospital pharmacy was 100 percent accurate in identifying the proper formulations of seven intravenous drugs.
Docetaxel given after doxorubicin reduces recurrence
Lifestyle intervention and the drug metformin are both effective against antipsychotic-induced weight gain, and treatment is most effective when the two therapies are combined, according to a study in the Jan. 9/16 issue of JAMA.
Eating out can have both positive and negative impact on obesity
Adding the drug docetaxel to anthracycline-based chemotherapy slightly improved disease-free survival in breast cancer patients, according to a randomized clinical trial published online Jan. 8 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Experimental weight-loss drug cuts appetite, burns more energy
Eating out instead of cooking at home continues to increase as a factor impacting the American diet. Americans face a large variety of food options and food establishments when choosing to eat out. Do the choices of available restaurants matter to America's rising obesity? In a study published in the February 2008 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers found that the...
First rigorous analysis defines impact of Medicare Part D
The first clinical studies of an experimental drug have revealed that obese people who take it for 12 weeks lose weight, even at very low doses. Short-term studies also suggest that the drug, called taranabant -- the second drug designed to fight obesity by blocking cannabinoid receptors in the brain -- causes people to consume fewer calories and burn more energy.
Freeze-dried tendon implants prove effective in early studies
The most thorough study to date of the impact of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit (Part D) found a "modest but significant effect." The benefit led to a 13.1 percent decrease in out-of-pocket expenses for patients and a 5.9 percent increase in prescription use.
Genetic variant predicts antipsychotic response for schizophrenia patients by ethnicity
Donated, freeze-dried tendon grafts loaded with gene therapy may soon offer effective repair of injured tendons, a goal that has eluded surgeons to date. According to study data published today in the journal Molecular Therapy, a new graft technique may provide the first effective framework around which flexor tendon tissue can reorganize as it heals.
Higher Medicare spending yields mixed bag for patients
Schizophrenia is a developmental disorder with a large genetic component contributing to increased risk. Available antipsychotic medications treat some of the symptoms of schizophrenia, but are typically effective in only a subset of patients.
Hope Diamond's phosphorescence key to fingerprinting
A large-scale study of over 55,000 colorectal cancer patients found that Medicare beneficiaries in "high spending" areas get better care in some circumstances, but worse care in others. On net, they do no better than their peers in lower spending areas.
Hubble finds that 'blue blobs' in space are orphaned clusters of stars
Shine a white light on the Hope Diamond and it will dazzle you with the brilliance of an amazing blue diamond. Shine an ultraviolet light on the Hope Diamond and the gem will glow red-orange for about five minutes. This phosphorescent property of blue diamonds can distinguish synthetic and altered diamonds from the real thing, and it may also provide a way to fingerprint individual blue diamonds...
Humans have caused profound changes in Caribbean coral reefs
Hubble has revealed that mysterious "blue blobs" in a structure called Arp's Loop between M81 and M82 are blue clusters of stars less than 200 million years old with many stars as young as, and even younger than, 10 million years.
Marketing the South: Commercial mythmaking and reshaping of popular memories
Coral reefs in the Caribbean have suffered significant changes due to the proximal effects of a growing human population, according to a study published the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London."Coral reefs are declining worldwide but the driving forces remain hotly debated," said author Camilo Mora, of Dalhousie University. "In the Caribbean alone, losses are endangering many species, and...
Multiple skin cancer risk behaviors are common among US adults
The historical, competitive, and ideological factors that structure the practices of commercial mythmaking remain largely unexplored and undertheorized. Now, a study from the February 2008 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research investigates these interrelationships by performing a comparative analysis of two prominent New South mythmakers -- editors of nationally distributed magazines about the...
NASA and Gemini probe mysterious explosion in the distant past
Sunlight's ultraviolet rays can damage your skin year-round. Yet a new study by behavioral researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center shows that most American adults engage in multiple behaviors that boost their risk of skin cancer by increasing their exposure to UV rays.
NASA announces details of Hubble servicing mission
Using the powerful one-two combo of NASA's Swift satellite and the Gemini Observatory, astronomers have detected a mysterious type of cosmic explosion farther back in time than ever before. The explosion, known as a short gamma-ray burst, took place 7.4 billion years ago, more than halfway back to the Big Bang.
New insight into factors that drive muscle-building stem cells
NASA scientists and a space shuttle astronaut today outlined details of a challenging mission that will repair and upgrade the Hubble Space Telescope in 2008. The Hubble servicing mission, designated STS-125, will equip the orbiting observatory with far greater capabilities than ever had before to explore the nature and history of our universe.
New nanostructured thin film shows promise for efficient solar energy conversion
A report in the January issue of Cell Metabolism, a publication of Cell Press, provides new evidence explaining how stem cells known as satellite cells contribute to building muscles up in response to exercise. These findings could lead to treatments for reversing or improving the muscle loss that occurs in diseases such as cancer and AIDS as well as in the normal aging process
New research confirms connection between job loss and poor health
Combining two nanotech methods for engineering solar cell materials appears to yield better results than either one alone does, according to UC-Santa Cruz chemist Jin Zhang.
Employees who lose their jobs because of their health suffer more significant depression and detrimental health outcomes than people who lose their jobs for non-health reasons, new research shows.