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191,281 articles from EurekAlert

'The Diabetes Educator' publishes systematic reviews for diabetes management

Medical researchers have studied many aspects of diabetes to provide self-management recommendations, but how do doctors and patients know what works and what doesn't? The American Association of Diabetes Educators has systematically reviewed the research relating to diabetes self-care behaviors, defined what works and what doesn't work and published the findings and conclusions in a special issue...

A 'gizmo' that saves lives

When Javier Rodriguez Molina visited the Atocha Train Station Memorial in Madrid last summer, the Barcelona native felt a great sadness for the victims of the March 11, 2004, Madrid train bombings. But he also felt some hope that his advanced emergency technology work at University of California-San Diego can some day save lives in similar disasters.

Adult ADHD significantly impacts on social, financial and personal aspects of life

Two observational studies have documented that adults with ADHD, when compared to a control group, were more likely to use certain illicit drugs, engage in certain antisocial behaviors, have financial problems and engage in risky sexual behavior. The studies, conducted at the University of Massachusetts and at the Medical College of Wisconsin appear in a new book, "ADHD in Adults: What the...

ASU researchers use NASA satellites to improve pollution modeling

Detecting pollution, like catching criminals, requires evidence and witnesses; but on the scale of countries, continents and oceans, having enough detectors is easier said than done. A team of air quality modelers, climatologists and air policy specialists at Arizona State University may soon change that. Under a grant from the Environmental Protection Agency, they have developed a new way to...

Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections invade bladder cells

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found definitive proof that some of the bacteria that plague women with urinary tract infections are entrenched inside human bladder cells. The finding confirms a controversial revision of scientists' model of how bacteria cause UTIs. Previously, most researchers assumed that the bacteria responsible for infections get into...

Biochip mimics the body to reveal toxicity of industrial compounds

A new biochip technology could eliminate animal testing in the chemicals and cosmetics industries, and drastically curtail its use in the development of new pharmaceuticals, according to new findings from a team of researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the University of California at Berkeley, and Solidus Biosciences Inc.

Cat fleas' journey into the vacuum is a 'one-way trip'

Homeowners dogged by household fleas need look no farther than the broom closet to solve their problem. Scientists have determined that vacuuming kills fleas in all stages of their lives, with an average of 96 percent success in adult fleas and 100 percent destruction of younger fleas. In fact, the results were so surprisingly definitive that the lead scientist, an Ohio State University insect...

Constipation most common cause of children's abdominal pain

Acute and chronic constipation together accounted for nearly half of all cases of acute abdominal pain in children treated at one hospital. The study also suggests that physicians should do a simple rectal examination for constipation when trying to determine the cause of abdominal pain in children.

Hot spot on Enceladus causes plumes

Enceladus, the tiny satellite of Saturn, is colder than ice, but data gathered by the Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn and Titan has detected a hot spot that could mean there is life in the old moon after all. In fact, for researchers of the outer planets, Enceladus is so hot intellectually hot, it's smokin'. The hot spot is causing plumes of ice and vapor to arise above Enceladus, says...

New property found in ancient mineral lodestone

Using the latest nanofabrication methods, a team of Rice University physicists has discovered a surprising new electronic property in one of the earliest-known and most-studied magnetic minerals on Earth -- lodestone. Also known as magnetite, lodestone was used to make compass needles as early as 900 years ago. In new research in Nature Materials, the researchers describe how super-cooled...

OHSU researchers reveal the science of shivering

OHSU researchers have uncovered the system that tells the body when to perform one of its most basic defenses against the cold: shivering. The scientists have discovered the brain's wiring system, which takes temperature information from the skin and determines when a person should start shivering. Their findings are published in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Overexcited neurons not good for cell health

A Northwestern University study reports that a mutation in a transcription factor that controls a neurotransmitter in the nematode C. elegans causes an imbalance in neuronal signaling that results in protein damage in target cells. Similar results and consequences on protein folding were found to occur upon exposure to the common toxins nicotine and lindane (a pesticide). Neurons become...

Pain treatment in the field: Good for soldiers' comfort and better for rebuilding troop strength

Noncombat-related acute and recurrent chronic pain are the leading causes of soldier attrition in modern war, with the return-to-duty rate as low as 2 percent when these soldiers are treated outside the theaters of operation. However, that rate jumps to 95 percent when troops and officers are treated and managed for pain in the field of instead of being sent elsewhere for therapy, according to a...

Poultry workers at increased risk of carrying antibiotic-resistant E. coli

Poultry workers in the United States are 32 times more likely to carry E. coli bacteria resistant to the commonly used antibiotic, gentamicin, than others outside the poultry industry, according to a recent study conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. This is the first US research to show exposure occurring at a high level among industrial poultry workers.

Recent studies confirm significant underuse of colorectal cancer screening

Two recently released studies confirm an alarming reality, that a majority of Americans who should be getting screened for colorectal cancer are not. According to a study in the journal Cancer, among an assessment of Medicare beneficiaries between 1998 and 2004, only 25.4 percent of people were screened, despite Medicare coverage for colorectal cancer screening. Figures released by the Agency for...

Researchers at Sarasota Memorial Health Care System to study airway bypass treatment for emphysema

Researchers at Sarasota Memorial Health Care System today announced the start of the EASE trial, an international, multi-center clinical trial to explore an investigational treatment that may offer a significant new, minimally-invasive option for those suffering with advanced widespread emphysema. The study focuses on a procedure called airway bypass that involves creating pathways in the lung for...

Study links success of invasive Argentine ants to diet shifts

The ability of Argentine ants to change from carnivorous insect eaters to plant sap-loving creatures has helped these invasive social insects rapidly spread throughout coastal California, according to a new study, displacing many native insects and creating ant infestations familiar to most coastal residents.

Teachers play critical role in adolescent health promotion efforts

Teachers are among the most important influences in the lives of school-aged children, yet relatively little emphasis has been placed on examining the potential role general academic teachers may play in facilitating adolescent health promotion efforts, according to a study conducted by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health.