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168,508 articles from ScienceDaily

Marine Team Finds Surprising Evidence Supporting A Great Biblical Flood

Did the great flood of Noah's generation really occur thousands of years ago? Was the Roman city of Caesarea destroyed by an ancient tsunami? Will pollution levels in our deep seas remain forever a mystery? These are just a few of the questions that are being addressed by a new environmental marine research team. Scientists and Swedish environmental philanthropist Andreas Weil are collaborating on...

Non-stick Molds

Aircraft wings and dashboards are shaped in metal molds. These have to be 'greased', just like cake tins, before each molding process so that the plastic parts can be extracted at the end. A permanent coating has been designed to provide help in future. Baking a cake without greasing the tin is usually a disaster: The cake cannot be taken out in one piece. The same principle applies to the...

Teen Binge Drinkers Risk Alcoholism And Social Exclusion As Adults

Teen binge drinkers are significantly more likely to become heavy drinkers as adults and find themselves with a string of criminal convictions, indicates a new study. The researchers monitored the health and prospects of more than 11,000 UK children born in 1970 at the ages of 16 and 30. They collected information on binge drinking during the preceding fortnight and habitual drinking during the...

Device To Predict Proper Light Exposure For Human Health

Scientists have long known that the human body runs like clockwork, guided by a circadian system that responds to daily patterns of light and darkness. Now a team of researchers is developing a personal device to measure daily light intake and activity, which could allow them to predict optimal timing for light therapy to synchronize the circadian clock to the 24-hour solar day and relieve...

New Cause Of Blindness Discovered

Scientists found evidence for blindness associated with a gene involved in retinal pH regulation. Their characterization of a mouse model with a targeted disruption of the Slc4a3 gene has revealed a new cause of blindness.

Ancient Escape Tunnel Discovered In Israel

In excavations in the City of David aimed at exposing the main road in Jerusalem from the time of the Second Temple period, the city's main drainage channel was discovered. According to the writings of Josephus Flavius, the residents of the city fled to this channel at the time of the revolt in order to hide from the Romans.

Chemotherapy May Be Culprit For Fatigue In Breast Cancer Survivors

Compared to healthy women, breast cancer survivors reported more days of fatigue and more severe fatigue symptoms. Fatigue is a common complaint in the general population and, anecdotally, common among cancer patients. Comparative fatigue studies between the two populations, however, have been marred by methodological shortcomings, such as poorly matched controls and patient populations.


Bacteria Successful In Cancer Treatment

Bacteria that thrive in oxygen starved environments have been used successfully to target cancer tumours, delivering gene therapy based anti-cancer treatments. For about half of cancer sufferers our traditional treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy are ineffective, so alternative techniques are being developed to target their tumours.

Which Incentives to Prevent Flu Epidemics Would Be Effective?

Recent findings from study of incentives, decision-making, and influenza epidemics may offer guidance on public health policy. Researchers have found that while family-based vaccination incentives fail to prevent severe epidemics, program that allows individuals three free annual vaccinations once they pay for the first may prove effective.

Ecologists Get To The Bottom Of Why Bears Rub Trees

Ecologists have at last got to the bottom of why bears rub trees -- and it's not because they have itchy backs. Adult male grizzly bears use so-called "rub trees" as a way to communicate with each other while looking for breeding females, and that this behaviour could help reduce battles between the bears.

Extra Gene Copies Were Enough To Make Early Humans' Mouths Water

To think that world domination could have begun in the cheeks. That's one interpretation of a recent discovery which indicates that humans carry extra copies of the salivary amylase gene. Humans have many more copies of this gene than any of their ape relatives, the study found, and they use the copies to flood their mouths with amylase, an enzyme that digests starch. The finding bolsters the idea...

Females Promiscuous For The Sake Of Their Grandchildren

Female animals that mate with multiple partners may be doing so to ensure the optimum health of their grandchildren, according to researchers. Despite mating being a risky business for females -- not least with the threat of injury, sexually transmitted diseases and vulnerability to predators - polyandry (females taking multiple mates) is widespread in the animal kingdom.

Getting There Faster With Virtual Reality

Is the navigation system too complex? Does it distract the driver's attention from the traffic? To test electronic assistants, their developers have to build numerous prototypes -- an expensive and time-consuming business. Tests in a virtual world make prototypes unnecessary. The engineer stares intently at the display on the virtual dashboard. His task is to test the new driver assistance system...

Marburg Virus Identified In A Species Of Fruit Bat

The Marburg virus, like its fearsome cousin Ebola, belongs to the Filoviridae family. It carries the name of the German town where it was first detected in 1967, after a mysterious epidemic had hit employees of the Behring laboratory. The workers had been contaminated as they took organ samples from green monkeys imported from Uganda. Up to the end of the 20th Century, rare cases of violent...

Packaging Where Nothing Sticks

Shaking and tapping is often the only way to get the last drop of ketchup out of the bottle. But in future, even this final drop will slide out easily onto the barbecued steak -- thanks to a special coating on the packaging. We all know the problem with ketchup or mayonnaise: No matter how we shake or tap the bottle, some of the content refuses to come out. In some cases, up to 20 percent is left...

Pressure Sensors In The Eye

Sensors can monitor production processes, unmask tiny cracks in aircraft hulls, and determine the amount of laundry in a washing machine. In future, they will also be used in the human body and raise the alarm in the event of high pressure in the eye, bladder or brain. If the pressure in the eye is too high, nerve fibers die, resulting in visual field loss or blindness. Since increased intraocular...

Silicon As Smooth As Glass: Boon To Computer Chip And Solar Cell Manufacturing

Without silicon there would be no computer industry since most computer chips consist of this semiconductor material. The same is true for solar cells: They too are predominantly silicon-based. The monocrystals are cut in round slices approximately one millimeter thick, which experts call wafers. Their surfaces must be as smooth as glass; irregularities may only be a few nanometers wide, i.e. less...