Bigger refuges needed to delay pest resistance to biotech corn
Brain scans prove Freud right: Guilt plays key role in depression
To slow resistance of western corn rootworm beetles to genetically protected crops, much larger "refuge" acreages of conventional crops have to be planted, two experts - including one from the University of Arizona - warn in a paper published in the Journal of Economic Ecology.
BUSM researcher finds link between brain signaling and renal function
Scientists have shown that the brains of people with depression respond differently to feelings of guilt -- even after their symptoms have subsided.
Canada should ban off-label antibiotic use in agriculture
Boston University School of Medicine researchers recently uncovered a brain signaling pathway responsible for regulating the renal excretion of sodium.
Carfilzomib demonstrates efficacy as new frontline treatment regimen for multiple myeloma
Canada should ban off-label use of antibiotics in farm animals because it contributes significantly to antibiotic resistance in humans, states an editorial in CMAJ.
Cell transplantation of lung stem cells has beneficial impact for emphysema
Results from a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, demonstrate that inclusion of carfilzomib, a novel targeted therapy for multiple myeloma, in combination with lenalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone, resulted in complete or near complete remission in a majority of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.
Childhood cancer treatment found to pose similar risk for breast cancer as BRCA mutations
Mesenchymal stem cells are considered for transplantation because they are readily available, highly proliferative and display multi-lineage potential.When autologous, lung-derived mesenchymal stem cells were transplanted endoscopically into 13 adult female sheep modeled with emphysema, post-transplant evaluation showed evidence of tissue regeneration with increased blood perfusion and extra...
Clarification of unique communication channel with possible role in tumor
New data reveals that women treated with radiation to the chest for childhood cancer have a high risk of developing breast cancer similar to that of women with BRCA1/2 mutations.
Cleveland Clinic study detects 'chemobrain' in EEG activity
Guido David, associated with VIB and KU Leuven, and Pascale Zimmermann have discovered a new mechanism for the formation of exosomes, small vesicles with a role in tumor development. This research has been published in the authoritative journal Nature Cell Biology.
Depression treatment can prevent adolescent drug abuse
A Cleveland Clinic study has detected significant changes in the electroencephalogram brain activity patterns of patients receiving chemotherapy.
Drug combination highly effective for newly diagnosed myeloma patients
Treating adolescents for major depression can also reduce their chances of abusing drugs later on, a secondary benefit found in a five-year study of nearly 200 youths at 11 sites across the United States.
Drug might protect hearts of childhood leukemia survivors
A three-drug treatment for the blood cancer multiple myeloma provided rapid, deep and potentially durable responses- the best reported to date.
Early childhood neglect may raise risk of adult skin cancer
About 75 percent of children with leukemia who take chemotherapy face life-threatening heart problems as they age, but an international study led by a University of Rochester Medical Center investigator shows that giving a cardio-protective drug during cancer treatment may prevent the damage.
Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Skin cancer patients whose childhood included periods of neglect or maltreatment are at a much greater risk for their cancers to return when they face a major stressful event, based on a new study.
Emergency department algorithm may predict risk of death for heart failure patients
Below is information about three articles being published in the June 5 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. The information is not intended to substitute for the full articles as sources of information. Annals of Internal Medicine attribution is required for all coverage.
Energy-dense biofuel from cellulose close to being economical
Physicians can reduce the number of heart failure deaths and unnecessary hospital admissions by using a new computer-based algorithm that calculates each patient's individual risk of death. The algorithm improves upon clinical decision-making and determines whether or not a patient with heart failure should be admitted to hospital.
Excessive endurance training can be too much of a good thing, research suggests
A new Purdue University-developed process for creating biofuels has shown potential to be cost-effective for production scale, opening the door for moving beyond the laboratory setting.
Recent research suggests that chronic training for, and competing in, extreme endurance exercise such as marathons, iron man distance triathlons, and very long distance bicycle races may cause structural changes to the heart and large arteries, leading to myocardial injury. A study in the June issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings reviews the literature and outlines in detail for the first time the...
Facebook photos may reflect unconscious cultural differences
In the first comprehensive census of human cells' export workers, scientists at EMBL Heidelberg, found an unexpected variety of genes involved in transporting molecules to the cell membrane and beyond. The work is published online today in Nature Cell Biology.
Families of kids with staph infections have high rate of drug-resistant germ
The photos we select for our Facebook profiles may reflect individual preferences, but they also appear to reflect more deeply rooted, unconscious cultural differences. That's according to a study conducted in part by researchers at the UT Dallas Center for Vital Longevity.
Filming life in the fast lane
Family members of children with a staph infection often harbor a drug-resistant form of the germ, although they don't show symptoms, a team of researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found.
Food for thought? Study says soy may not help preserve thinking skills in women
New microscope enabled scientists at EMBL Heidelberg to film a fruit fly embryo, in 3D, from when it was about two-and-a-half hours old until it walked away from the microscope as a larva.
Fossil discovery sheds new light on evolutionary history of higher primates
Contrary to earlier reports, a new study suggests that soy protein may not preserve overall thinking abilities in women over the age of 45, but may improve memory related to facial recognition. The study is published in the June 5, 2012, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Future medical conditions predicted with new statistical model
An international team of researchers has announced the discovery of a new fossil primate from Myanmar that illuminates a critical step in the evolution of early anthropoids. Afrasia closely resembles another early anthropoid, Afrotarsius libycus. The close similarity indicates that early anthropoids colonized Africa only shortly before the time when these animals lived. This was a pivotal step in...
Genetics, rapid childhood growth and the development of obesity
Analyzing medical records from thousands of patients, statisticians have devised a statistical model for predicting what other medical problems a patient might encounter.
A 38-year longitudinal study of New Zealanders suggests that individuals with higher genetic risk scores were more likely to be chronically obese in adulthood, according to a report published in the June issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.