At a crossroads: New research predicts which cars are likeliest to run lights at intersections
Bacterial attachment mimics the just-in-time industrial delivery model
In 2008, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2.3 million automobile crashes occurred at intersections across the United States, resulting in some 7,000 deaths. More than 700 of those fatalities were due to drivers running red lights. But, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, half of the people killed in such accidents are not the drivers who ran the...
Big success with tiny crystals
(PhysOrg.com) -- In the human world of manufacturing, many companies are now applying an on-demand, just-in-time strategy to conserve resources, reduce costs and promote production of goods precisely when and where they are most needed. A recent study from Indiana University Bloomington scientists reveals that bacteria have evolved a similar just-in-time strategy to constrain production of an...
Brain training exercises more effective at improving cognitive function than crossword puzzles, study says
A little piece of iron wire is magnetic just like a huge iron rod. When it comes to material properties, size usually does not matter. Surprisingly, researchers from Austria and India have now discovered that some materials show very unusual behavior, when they are studied in the form of tiny crystals. This could now lead to new materials with tailor-made electronic and magnetic...
Canadian firm bids to commercialize fusion reactor
A new study shows that doing brain training exercises is more effective at improving cognitive function than performing knowledge games, like crossword puzzles. This is the preliminary analysis of the results from Iowa Healthy and Active Minds Study (IHAMS) presented last week at Gerontological Society of America (GSA) 64th Annual Scientific Meeting in Boston.
China rules out 2015 climate deal deadline
In the race against world governments and the wealthiest companies to commercialize a nuclear fusion reactor, a small, innovative Canadian firm is hoping to bottle and sell the sun's energy.
Could Curiosity determine if Viking found life on Mars?
A European drive to forge a legally-binding deal on climate change by 2015 that would include all major carbon polluters is "too much", a senior Chinese negotiator said at UN talks here.
Effective product packaging can be counter-productive, new study finds
One of the most controversial and long-debated aspects of Mars exploration has been the results of the Viking landers life-detection experiments back in the 1970s. While the preliminary findings were consistent with the presence of bacteria (or something similar) in the soil samples, the lack of organics found by other instruments forced most scientists to conclude that the life-like...
Game giant Zynga on track for December IPO: report
(PhysOrg.com) -- A new study has found that the same persuasive packaging that can lead consumers to buy a particular product can also cause them to use less of it once they take it home thus reducing its long-term sales.
Gene is first linked to herpes-related cold sores
Online games giant Zynga is on track for a stock market debut in mid-December, the New York Times reported Wednesday.
Health-care providers should be alert to risk of suicide among pregnant women and new mothers
A team of researchers from the University of Utah and the University of Massachusetts has identified the first gene associated with frequent herpes-related cold sores.
HIV spreading in Europe, but AIDS cases declining: study
Increased screening of pregnant women and new mothers for major depression and conflicts with intimate partners may help identify women at risk for suicide, a University of Michigan Health System-led analysis of federal data concludes.
Image: Young stellar grouping in Cygnus X
HIV infections continued to rise in Europe in 2010, but thanks to treatment the number of cases of full-blown AIDS has dramatically declined in recent years, according to a report published Wednesday.
Measuring mental aftershocks
(PhysOrg.com) -- Cygnus X hosts many young stellar groupings.
Researchers explore how cyber-attackers think like regular crooks
The massive 8.8-magnitude earthquake that struck Chile in February 2010 left thousands homeless, caused billions of dollars in damages and triggered a deadly tsunami. The psychological impact of such traumatic events over time is the focus of an ongoing research collaboration between UC Irvine psychologists and Chilean academic and government officials.
Researches find poop-throwing by chimps is a sign of intelligence
In a unique collaboration, an engineer and a criminologist at the University of Maryland are applying criminological concepts and research methods in the study of cybercrime. Their work has produced recommendations for IT managers to use in the prevention of cyber attacks on their networks.
Scientists striving to put a human face on the robot generation
(PhysOrg.com) -- A lot of people who have gone to the zoo have become the targets of feces thrown by apes or monkeys, and left no doubt wondering about the so-called intellectual capacity of a beast that would resort to such foul play. Now however, researchers studying such behavior have come to the conclusion that throwing feces, or any object really, is actually a sign of high ordered behavior....
Scissors-type trilayer giant magnetoresistive sensor using heusler alloy ferromagnet
Scientists at Plymouth University are studying the social interaction between humans and a specially-designed robot, in a project that could pave the way for a generation of more life-like androids.
Star Wars laser offers new insight into Earth's atmosphere
Japanese researchers have demonstrated a scissors-type trilayer magnetoresistance device that is promising for narrow readers of ultra-high density hard disk drives (HDD). This device uses an antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling of two Heusler alloy ferromagnetic (FM) layers separated by a thin silver layer. Since the magnetization of the two FM layers rotate around each other like...
With the need to understand global change one of todays most pressing scientific challenges, ESA is exploring novel techniques for future space missions. Firing laser pulses between satellites is promising a step up in tracking greenhouse gases.
Study explores distrust of atheists by believers
When the statistician for UC Irvines innovative Down syndrome program retired last year, its researchers were left in a bind. The group is studying ways to prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimers-type dementia in people with Down syndrome, including examining possible links between seizures and cognitive decline.
Surgeons perform better with eye movement training
Distrust is the central motivating factor behind why religious people dislike atheists, according to a new study led by University of British Columbia psychologists.
Ten years of research on nano materials
(Medical Xpress) -- Surgeons can learn their skills more quickly if they are taught how to control their eye movements.
The human cost of Russia's lost spacecraft
In the past decade numerous projects on the risks associated with nanomaterials have been initiated and carried out. In general, they dealt with the subject of how nanomaterials could be used without representing a danger to the environment and human health. However a lack of specialists is preventing further urgently needed studies in the field of nano(eco)toxicology from being undertaken. In...
The swirling of wine helps bioreactors to run better (w/ video)
It hasnt been a great year for Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency. In the last twelve months, it has lost four major missions on top of the aerospace industrys failure to produce its planned number of spacecraft.
Every wine aficionado knows that wine has to be swirled in a glass in order for it to release its aroma. Applied to biotechnologies over some fifteen years, this ordinary gesture has made it possible to develop more efficient machines for culturing proteins in animal cells. The phenomenon has been studied in detail at EPFL (Switzerland).