Food science poised to help address needs of aging population
Free apps drain smartphone energy on 'advertising modules'
The aging baby boomers and subsequent generations will be looking to the food industry to provide products that can help them live longer, healthier and more active lives than previous generations, according to research presented at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting.
Gene mutation identified as contributor to autism spectrum disorders
Researchers have shown that popular free smartphone apps spend up to 75 percent of their energy tracking the user's geographical location, sending information about the user to advertisers and downloading ads.
Genetic mutations at conception linked to many cases of autism
A new study co-authored by UCLA researchers has led to a better understanding of the genetic contribution to autism. By comparing siblings with and without ASD, the researchers have discovered a single instance in the affected sibling in which two independent mutations disrupt a gene called SCN2A.
Glycemic index foods at breakfast can control blood sugar throughout the day
About 15 percent of autism cases in families with a single autistic child are associated with spontaneous mutations that occur in sex cells, Yale University researchers report in the April 4 issue of the journal Nature.
GOES satellite movie tracked tornadic Texas trouble
Eating foods at breakfast that have a low glycemic index may help prevent a spike in blood sugar throughout the morning and after the next meal of the day, researchers said at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting.
Greening up the blue dye in jeans, police uniforms and the red, white and blue
A powerful weather system moved through eastern Texas and dropped at least 15 tornadoes in the Dallas suburbs. NASA created an animation of data from NOAA's GOES-13 satellite that shows the frontal system moving through the region yesterday.
Growing nitrous oxide levels explained
Efforts are underway to develop a more environmentally friendly process for dyeing denim with indigo, the storied "king of dyes," used to the tune of 50,000 tons annually to color cotton blue jeans and hundreds of other products. That effort is the topic of an article in the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News. C&EN is the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society, the...
Handheld plasma flashlight rids skin of notorious pathogens
Australian, Korean and US scientists have generated a 65-year record of Southern Hemisphere nitrous oxide measurements, establishing a new benchmark against which to compare changes in the long-lived greenhouse gas that is also a major ozone-depleting substance.
How fat are your lab mice?
A group of Chinese and Australian scientists have developed a handheld, battery-powered plasma-producing device that can rid skin of bacteria in an instant.
How Usain Bolt can run faster -- effortlessly
Researchers are increasingly aware that fat in some parts of the body is more harmful than fat in other places. To help determine how obesity works, scientists turn to animal models and now, they are able to visualize how much fat their lab rats are carrying and where they are storing it. The method will be published in the April issue of the Journal of Visualized Experiments.
Important but limited role of de novo variants in autism spectrum disorders
Usain Bolt can achieve faster running times with no extra effort on his part or improvement to his fitness, according to a study published today in Significance, the magazine of the Royal Statistical Society and the American Statistical Association. Cambridge professor of Mathematical Sciences John D. Barrow illustrates how, based on concrete mathematical evidence, Bolt can cut his world record...
Improving equine health: Research studies vaccinations to protect newborn foals
An international cohort of scientists that includes those at Baylor College of Medicine , sequenced the exomes of 175 trios (a child with autism spectrum disorder and his/her two parents) and found many new gene mutations but few that could be called a definitive cause of the disorder.
In-school tests suggest overweight boys and girls benefit from being fit
A Kansas State University veterinary medicine student is investigating ways to improve horse vaccinations and defend them against pathogen challenges at an early age.
Income inequality and distrust foster academic dishonesty
Improving or maintaining physical fitness appears to help obese and overweight children reach a healthy weight, reports a new study from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University. Researchers analyzed four years of data from in-school fitness tests and body mass index measurements of students in grades one through seven in the city of Cambridge, Mass.
Internet use promotes democracy best in countries that are already partially free
College professors and students are in an arms race over cheating. Students find new sources for pre-written term papers; professors find new ways to check the texts they get for plagiarized material. But why are all these young people cheating? A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests one reason: income inequality, which...
Is rainfall a greater threat to China's agriculture than warming?
Although use of the Internet has been credited with helping spur democratic revolutions in the Arab world and elsewhere, a new multinational study suggests the Internet is most likely to play a role only in specific situations
JILA team demonstrates a new way of lasing: A 'superradiant' laser
New research into the impact of climate change on Chinese cereal crops has found rainfall has a greater impact than rising temperature. The research, published in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture found that while maize is sensitive to warming increases in temperature from 1980 onwards correlated with both higher and lower yields of rice and wheat.
KRAS gene mutation and amplification status affects sensitivity to antifolate therapy
Physicists at JILA have demonstrated a novel "superradiant" laser design, which has the potential to be 100 to 1,000 times more stable than the best conventional visible lasers. This type of laser could boost the performance of the most advanced atomic clocks and related technologies, such as communications and navigation systems as well as space-based astronomical instruments.
Legal review concerning the use of health impact assessments in non-health sectors
Patients with lung cancer and KRAS mutation responded well to antifolate therapy. Response linked to downregulation of KRAS expression. Downregulation may render cells more susceptible to chemotherapeutic drug.
Listening to the radio even with an electric drive
A report released today finds that a wide variety of existing laws offer important opportunities to improve Americans' health. The first comprehensive study of its kind found an unexpectedly large number of laws that facilitate the consideration of health effects, in fields such as transportation, energy, and agriculture. Many of these legal requirements may be satisfied by conducting health...
Memory declines faster in years closest to death
To enable radio reception in electric vehicles, manufacturers must install filters and insulate cables, since electrical signals will otherwise interfere with music and speech transmissions. Now, using new calculation methods, researchers are paving the way for pure listening pleasure while also helping to lower the associated costs.
Mobile technology helps explore nicotine addiction
Two new studies published in the April 4 online issue of Neurology suggest that a person's memory declines at a faster rate in the last two-and-a-half years of life than at any other time. The second study shows that keeping mentally fit through activities may be the best way to preserve memory.
Mutations in 3 genes linked to autism spectrum disorders
Some people quit smoking on the first try while others have to quit repeatedly. Using such mobile technology as hand-held computers and smartphones, a team of researchers from Penn State and the University of Pittsburgh is trying to find out why.
New forage plant prepares farmers for climate changes
Mutations in three new genes have been linked to autism, according to new studies including one with investigators at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. The findings, in a trio of papers revealing new genetic targets in autism, are published in the April 4th online issue of the journal Nature. The studies provide new insights into important genetic changes and the many biological pathways that lead...
Plant researchers from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, Monash University in Australia, and the plant breeding company Pacific Seeds have developed a new type of the corn-like crop sorghum, which may become very significant for food supplies in drought-prone areas. Unlike the conventional drought-resistant sorghum plant, which is an important crop in Africa, China and the USA, this new...