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Breast reconstruction varies by race, study finds

Latinas who spoke little English were less likely to undergo reconstruction surgery after a mastectomy for breast cancer, according to a study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Education Expert Says Longer School Hours Alone Will Not Solve Educational Crisis

(PhysOrg.com) -- President Barack Obama's plan to extend the school year to increase achievement among American students would only help bridge the gap between American students and those in other countries if the extra time was used wisely, says the University at Buffalo's Suzanne Miller, a national expert in learning and instruction and former secondary school English teacher.

Machine Learning by Watching and Listening

(PhysOrg.com) -- To expand the boundaries of machine intelligence, Ben Taskar is using television shows with large fan bases like CSI, Alias, and Lost to teach computers how to be smarter about what they see, hear and read.

Silver Nanoparticles Give Polymer Solar Cells A Boost

(PhysOrg.com) -- Small bits of metal may play a new role in solar power. Researchers at Ohio State University are experimenting with polymer semiconductors that absorb the sun`s energy and generate electricity. The goal: lighter, cheaper, and more-flexible solar cells.

Toddlers develop individualized rules for grammar

(PhysOrg.com) -- Using advanced computer modeling and statistical analysis, a University of Texas at Austin linguistics professor has found that toddlers develop their own individual structures for using language that are very different from what we traditionally think of as grammar.

Two NASA satellites capture monster Super Typhoon Melor

NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites flew over Super Typhoon Melor early today, October 5 and captured some impressive images of the storm's clouds on a track toward Japan. The Western Pacific Ocean has the edge on super typhoons, and Melor's maximum sustained winds near 161 mph are more proof.

U.S. ITER awards contracts worth $33 million for materials for ITER's largest magnets

(PhysOrg.com) -- The U.S. ITER Project Office at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has awarded two contracts totaling $33.6 million for 8,270 km of niobium tin strand and 4,795 km of copper strand for the Toroidal Field Conductor, a major component of U.S. contributions to the ITER Project. ITER's Toroidal Field Magnets will fill the plasma volume (~1000 cubic meters) with a magnetic field roughly...

Ancient Rome's Real Population Revealed (LiveScience.com)

LiveScience.com - The first century B.C. was one of the most culturally rich in the history of the Roman Empire - the age of Cicero, Caesar and Virgil. But as much as historians know about the great figures of this period of Ancient Rome, they know very little about some basic facts, such as the population size of the late Roman Empire.

A sudden Tropical Storm Grace explodes in far Eastern Atlantic

The latest tropical storm in the Atlantic Ocean may have escaped the notice of most when it formed just before midnight last night so far north and east in the Atlantic, away from where forecasters usually look for forming storms. However, NASA's Aqua satellite and forecasters in the Azores Islands, Portugal and Ireland are watching it closely.