1.5°C degrowth scenarios suggest need for new mitigation pathways: Research
185,148 articles from EurekAlert
8 Out of 10 people hospitalized with COVID-19 develop neurological problems
The first comprehensive comparison of 'degrowth' scenarios with established pathways to limit climate change highlights the risk of over-reliance on technological innovation to support continued global growth - which is assumed in established global climate modelling. Findings include: Technologically less risky 'degrowth' limits global warming to 1.5C while global GDP declines by 0.5% annually; a...
A beetle's Achilles heel
A paper published today in JAMA Network Open presents early results of the global effort to gather information about the incidence, severity and outcomes of neurological manifestations of COVID-19 disease.
A comprehensive map of the SARS-CoV-2 genome
Susceptibility of their microbial partners to the herbicide may be an underestimated weak spot of insects that could add to their decline.
A personalized anti-cancer vaccine that works in mice
MIT researchers have generated what they describe as the most complete gene annotation of the SARS-CoV-2 genome. In their study, they confirmed several protein-coding genes and found that a few others that had been suggested as genes do not code for any proteins.
A scientist from HSE University has developed an image recognition algorithm
Marie-Claude Bourgeois-Daigneault and her team at the CRCHUM are using mice to show how a combination of peptides and oncolytic viruses, used as an adjuvant, can provide effective immunization against cancer.
Adolescence is a window of opportunity for improving health literacy
A scientist from HSE University has developed an image recognition algorithm that works 40% faster than analogues. It can speed up real-time processing of video-based image recognition systems. The results of the study have been published in the journal Information Sciences.
AI analytics predict COVID-19 patients' daily trajectory in UK intensive care units
A study by the University of Southampton has shown its LifeLab programme, aimed at improving adolescent health through hands-on learning, significantly increases young people's understanding of what it means to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Americans are increasingly experiencing chronic pain
Researchers used AI to identify which daily changing clinical parameters best predict intervention responses in critically ill COVID-19 patients.
Best practices to prevent the federal government from blowing its technology budget
This study comprehensively documents rising levels of chronic pain among Americans aged 25-84 to show that pain prevalence -- already high at baseline -- increased substantially from 2002-18, with increases evident in all leading pain sits (joint, back, neck, jaw and migraine).
Better treatment for miscarriage patients is more cost effective than standard NHS treatment
With the US federal government investing billions of taxpayer dollars in executing technology programs, wouldn't you like to know where this money is going? A new study has identified ways to reduce federal spending in the execution of these taxpayer-funded technology programs.
Bioengineering approach for functional muscle regeneration
A new drug combination that is better at treating miscarriage is also more cost effective than current standard NHS treatment, finds a new study led by the University of Birmingham and Tommy's National Centre for Miscarriage Research.
Bone-deep: Mineral found in human bone can help fight toxic organic compounds
When trauma, illness, or injury causes significant muscle loss, reconstructive procedures for bioengineering functional skeletal muscles can fall short, resulting in permanent impairments. Finding a synergy in the importance of biochemical signals and topographical cues, researchers developed an efficient technique for muscle regeneration and functional restoration in injured rats. They describe...
Boosting body heat production: A new approach for treating obesity
Many industrial processes emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are hazardous to human health. In a new study, scientists from NITech, Japan, tailor the catalytic activity of hydroxyapatite, a mineral contained in human bones, using mechanical stress. This method was inexpensive and resulted in a 100% VOC conversion, potentially opening doors to effective climate control.
Box fan air cleaner greatly reduces virus transmission
Targeting a heat production 'brake' on fat tissues may be a safer way to treat obesity than current medication.
Cholesterol-lowering statins prescribed less later in day
Improved ventilation can lower the risk of transmission of the COVID-19 virus, but large numbers of decades-old public school classrooms lack adequate ventilation systems. A systematic modeling study of simple air cleaners using a box fan reported in Physics of Fluids shows these inexpensive units can greatly decrease the amount of airborne virus in these spaces, if used appropriately.
CIA's misleading inoculation drive led to vaccine decline in Pakistan
Statins are prescribed to less than half of eligible U.S. patients, and a new study shows time of day may affect doctors' likelihood of writing a script
Coral reef restorations can be optimized to reduce flood risk
A new paper in the Journal of the European Economic Association indicates that distrust generated by a 2011 CIA-led vaccination campaign ruse designed to catch Osama Bin Laden resulted in a significant vaccination rate decline in Pakistan.
COVID-19 alters gray matter volume in the brain, new study shows
A new study sets out guidelines to maximize the benefits of reef restoration, not only for the coral ecosystem, but also to protect local communities from coastal flooding. Researchers simulated waves travelling over different reef profiles at various stages of restoration and found that to reduce the risk of flooding, the upper fore reef and middle reef flat, typically characterized by...
COVID-19 news from Annals of Internal Medicine
COVID-19 patients who receive oxygen therapy or experience fever show reduced gray matter volume in the frontal-temporal network of the brain, according to a new study led by researchers at Georgia State University and the Georgia Institute of Technology. The study's findings demonstrate changes to the frontal-temporal network could be used as a biomarker to determine the likely prognosis of...
COVID-19 wastewater testing proves effective in new study
Majority of COVID-19 patients receiving home-based hospital care did not require care escalation to traditional hospital setting.
Dartmouth engineering study shows renewable energy will enhance power grid's resilience
The research offers some of the first clear guidance on the most effective methods to perform testing to detect COVID-19 in wastewater.
Discovering candidate for reflex network of walking cats: Understanding animals with robots
A new Dartmouth Engineering study shows that integrating renewable energy into the American Electric Power System (AEPS) would enhance the grid's resilience, meaning a highly resilient and decarbonized energy system is possible. The researchers' analysis is based upon the incremental incorporation of architectural changes that would be required to integrate renewable energy into AEPS.
Disparities persisted as orthopaedic visits shifted to telemedicine
A group of researchers from Osaka University developed a quadruped robot platform that can reproduce the neuromuscular dynamics of animals, discovering that a steady gait and experimental behaviors of walking cats emerged from the reflex circuit in walking experiments on this robot.
Electromagnetic levitation whips nanomaterials into shape
Like other medical specialties at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, orthopaedic surgery rapidly pivoted from in-person visits to remote appointments via telemedicine. Analysis of that initial experience finds that some groups of patients faced persistent or worsening disparities as the shift to telemedicine occurred, reports Clinical Orthopaedics and Related ResearchÂ® (CORRÂ®), a...
To deliver reliable mechanical and electric properties, nanomaterials must have consistent, predictable shapes and surfaces, as well as scalable production techniques. UC Riverside engineers are solving this problem by vaporizing metals within a magnetic field to direct the reassembly of metal atoms into predictable shapes.