197 articles from WEDNESDAY 4.9.2019

Natural ways of cooling cities

Scientists have been researching the effect of precipitation and population size on rising temperatures in cities compared with the surrounding countryside. They have found that more green spaces can help to lower temperatures in urban zones -- but not everywhere.

Artificial intelligence used to recognize primate faces in the wild

Scientists have developed new artificial intelligence software to recognize and track the faces of individual chimpanzees in the wild. The new software will allow researchers and wildlife conservationists to significantly cut back on time and resources spent analyzing video footage, according to the new article.

Patients in the US and Canada are likely to receive opioids after surgery

Patients in the United States and Canada are seven times as likely as those in Sweden to receive a prescription for opioid medications after surgery, according to a new multi-institutional study. Though the United States and Canada had similar prescription rates, patients in the U.S. were prescribed a much higher dosage - as measured by the total morphine milligram equivalents (MME).

Soldiers, athletes could improved outcomes from traumatic brain injuries

A traumatic brain injury is often easily suspected and can be confirmed and treated if necessary following an injury using a blood analysis, but scientists are reporting that even one mild blast to the brain can cause very subtle but permanent damage as well. Urine analysis taken within one week of a mild to traumatic brain injury also can provide faster diagnosis and treatment for such injuries.

Johns Hopkins University announces new center for psychedelic research

Johns Hopkins University is launching a new center for psychedelic research that will use psychedelic drugs to study the mind and therapies for diseases like addiction. Much of Griffiths' early work with psychedelics at Johns Hopkins has focused on psilocybin, the chemical found in so-called magic...