Measuring tape is a critical tool for following Zika virus-exposed children
160,468 articles from EurekAlert
Mental health benefits of parks dimmed by safety concerns
A simple measuring tape could be the key to identifying which children could developneurological and developmental abnormalities from Zika virus exposure during gestation.This is according to an invited commentary published July 7 in JAMA Network Open andwritten by Sarah Mulkey, M.D., Ph.D., prenatal-neonatal neurologist in the Division ofPrenatal Pediatrics at Children's National Hospital.
Microplastic pollution harms lobster larvae, study finds
No matter how close parks are to home, perceptions of park-centered crime may keep New Yorkers from using them.
New study sparks fresh call for seagrass preservation
Microplastic fiber pollution in the ocean impacts larval lobsters at each stage of their development, according to new research. A study published in the Marine Pollution Bulletin reports that the fibers affect the animals' feeding and respiration, and they could even prevent some larvae from reaching adulthood.
Nutrients in microalgae: An environmentally friendly alternative to fish
An increase in carbon dioxide emissions equivalent to 5 million cars a year has been caused by the loss of seagrass meadows around the Australian coastline since the 1950s.PhD student Cristian Salinas from Edith Cowan University (ECU) in Western Australia calculated that around 161,150 hectares of seagrass have been lost from Australian coasts since the 1950s. This has resulte in a 2 per cent...
Repurposing public health systems to decode COVID-19
Microalgae could provide an alternative source of healthy omega-3 fatty acids for humans while also being more environmentally friendly to produce than popular fish species. This is the result of a new study by scientists from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU). The study was recently published in the Journal of Applied Phycology and offers an initial indication of the environmental...
The risk of cerebral palsy linked to IVF has more than halved in the past two decades
Research published in the journal Microbial Genomics describes how national surveillance systems can be linked with the UK Biobank. This pooled data could then be used to understand how genetics and other epidemiological factors impact risk of developing severe infection.
Fifteen years ago a large population study from Denmark found a significantly increased risk of cerebral palsy in infants born as a result of assisted reproduction. Although the absolute risk was small, such studies at this time made cerebral palsy the greatest developmental birth defect risk associated with IVF, and a concern in its overall safety profile.
MONDAY 6. JULY 2020
'Pregnancy test for water' delivers fast, easy results on water quality
2D semiconductors found to be close-to-ideal fractional quantum hall platform
A new platform technology can assess water safety and quality with just a single drop and a few minutes. Powered by synthetic biology, when the test detects a contaminant exceeding the EPA's standards, it glows green, providing an easy-to-read positive or negative result.
A 'breath of nothing' provides a new perspective on superconductivity
Columbia University researchers report that they have observed a quantum fluid known as the fractional quantum Hall states (FQHS), one of the most delicate phases of matter, for the first time in a monolayer 2D semiconductor. Their findings demonstrate the excellent intrinsic quality of 2D semiconductors and establish them as a unique test platform for future applications in quantum computing.
A different Chia-PET provides insight into prostate cancer
Zero electrical resistance at room temperature? A material with this property, i.e. a room temperature superconductor, could revolutionize power distribution. But so far, the origin of superconductivity at high temperature is only incompletely understood. Scientists from UniversitÃ¤t Hamburg and the Cluster of Excellence 'CUI: Advanced Imaging of Matter' have succeeded in observing strong...
A new biotinylation enzyme for analyzing protein-protein interactions
UT Southwestern researchers have identified vast webs of small snippets of the genome that interact with each other and with genes to promote prostate cancer. Their findings, published June 22 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, could lead to new ways to treat the most common type of malignancy in American men other than skin cancer.
A tiny ancient relative of dinosaurs and pterosaurs discovered
Proteins play roles by interacting with various other proteins. Therefore, interaction analysis is an indispensable technique for studying the function of proteins. In this research, we have developed a biotinylation enzyme, AirID, using an ancestral enzyme reconstruction algorithm. AirID is a highly active biotinylation enzyme with low toxicity. By using AirID, comprehensive biotinylation of...
Age-related impairments reversed in animal model
Dinosaurs and pterosaurs may be known for their remarkable size, but a newly described species that lived around 237 million years ago suggests that they originated from extremely small ancestors. The fossil reptile, named Kongonaphon kely, or "tiny bug slayer," would have stood just 10 centimeters tall. The study may help explain the origins of flight in pterosaurs, the presence of "fuzz" on both...
Algorithm predicts risk for PTSD after traumatic injury
Frailty and immune decline are two main features of old age. Researchers from the University of Bern and the University Hospital Bern now demonstrate in an animal model that these two age-related impairments can be halted and even partially reversed using a novel cell-based therapeutic approach.
Asthma and allergies more common in 'night owl' teens: study
With high precision, a new algorithm predicts which patients treated for traumatic injuries in the emergency department will later develop posttraumatic stress disorder.
Asthma does not seem to increase the severity of COVID-19
Teenagers who prefer to stay up late at night and sleep in late the next day are more likely to develop asthma and allergies than their 'early bird' counterparts, according to new research published today.'Compared to the morning type, those who go to bed late have approximately three times higher risk of developing asthma,' said principal investigator Subhabrata Moitra, a post-doctoral fellow in...
Atomic 'Swiss army knife' precisely measures materials for quantum computers
Asthma does not appear to increase the risk for a person contracting COVID-19 or influence its severity, according to a team of Rutgers researchers.
Behind the dead-water phenomenon
Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a novel instrument that can make three kinds of atom-scale measurements simultaneously.
Black patients have higher rates of death after PCI
What makes ships mysteriously slow down or even stop as they travel, even though their engines are working properly? This was first observed in 1893 and was described experimentally in 1904 without all the secrets of this "dead water" being understood. A French team has explained this phenomenon for the first time.
BU researchers design artificial genes to sense cellular responses to drugs
Black patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at an increased risk for major adverse outcomes, including death, compared to white patients, according to a study published today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. The study underscores the high rates of cardiovascular disease and risk factors in minorities and continued need for further research on race-based outcomes...
Cancer treatment in young women need not mean the end of their fertility
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have developed and implemented a new way to better understand how human cells communicate with each other, how this communication.
Cell 'membrane on a chip' could speed up screening of drug candidates for COVID-19
The first long-term record of how cancer patients made use of their stored eggs and embryos after cancer treatment is presented today at the 36th Annual Meeting of ESHRE. The results demonstrate from the 20-year data how successful fertility preservation can be in these patients, especially those with breast cancer. Details of the analysis, covering the longest reported period of use, are...
Coconut confusion reveals consumer conundrum
Researchers have developed a human cell 'membrane on a chip' that allows continuous monitoring of how drugs and infectious agents interact with our cells, and may soon be used to test potential drug candidates for COVID-19.
Colony-level genetics predict gentle behavior in Puerto Rican honey bees
Coconut oil production may be more damaging to the environment than palm oil, researchers say.
Puerto Rico's population of African-European hybrid honey bees (AHB) are famously known for being much gentler than their continental counterparts. Now Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and their colleagues have found that this reduced defending of the nest is determined by colony-level genetics as opposed to individual bee's DNA, according to a study just published in the Proceedings...