NOAA-NASA satellite reveals burn scars from Elkhorn Fire in California
337 articles from THURSDAY 3.9.2020
Novel insights of how prostate cancer causes secondary tumors
Imagery from the VIIRS instrument aboard NASA/NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite highlights the burn scars from the Elkhorn Fire in northern California on Sep. 01, 2020. This false-color image of the firescape made by using the reflective solar bands on Suomi NPP highlights those areas which have been burned.
Obesity may alter immune system response to COVID-19
An increased awareness on a molecular level of what mechanisms prostate cancer cells use to become mobile and start spreading may in the long run provide new opportunities for treatment of aggressive prostate cancer. This according to a new study by researchers at UmeÃ¥ University, Sweden, in collaboration with researchers in Uppsala and Tokyo.
Old males vital to elephant societies
Obesity may cause a hyperactive immune system response to COVID-19 infection that makes it difficult to fight off the virus, according to a new manuscript published in the Endocrine Society's journal, Endocrinology.
Operation Outbreak simulation teaches students how pandemics spread
Old male elephants play a key role in leading all-male groups, new research suggests.
Peculiar planetary system architecture around three Orion stars explained
In 2015, a team of specialists in modeling disease outbreaks got together with educators to create Operation Outbreak, an educational platform and simulation intended to teach high school and college students the fundamentals of responses to pandemics. The program, which is open source and freely available, includes a Bluetooth-based app that carries out contact tracing by recording transmission...
People with obesity in the UK wait much longer before discussing weight with a healthcare provider
In our Solar System, the eight planets and many other minor objects orbit in a flat plane around the Sun; but in some distant systems, planets orbit on an incline --sometimes a very steep one. New work published in Science by an international team could explain the architecture of multi-star systems in which planets are separated by wide gaps and do not orbit on the same plane as their host star's...
Personal success more appreciated than team dominance in sports, business
A detailed analysis of UK data from a global obesity study (the ACTION-IO study) has shown that, on average, people with obesity (PwO) in the UK were struggling with their weight for 9 years before they sought help from a healthcare professional/HCP, much longer than the global average of 6 years found in this study.
Quantum leap for speed limit bounds
People enjoy witnessing extraordinary individuals - from athletes to CEOs -extend long runs of dominance in their fields, but they aren't as interested in seeing similar streaks of success by teams or groups, according to new research from Cornell University.
Radiology research funding has increased -- still no association with citation rate
Nature's speed limits aren't posted on road signs, but Rice University physicists have discovered a new way to deduce them that is better -- infinitely better, in some cases -- than prior methods.
Researchers probe Soldier sleep deprivation effects
According to ARRS' AJR, almost half of the research articles published in AJR, Radiology, and European Radiology declared funding -- a proportion that has increased from 17% of articles in 1994 and 26.9% published between 2001 and 2010. Most funded articles received support from federal sponsors or nonprofit foundations, whereas only a minority of funded articles were supported by private...
Researchers redesign the face mask to improve comfort and protection
New Army-funded study looks at effects of sleep deprivation, which can greatly affect Soldiers on the battlefield.Research conducted at the University of Rochester Medical Center and funded by the Army Research Office, an element of the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory, suggests that people who rely on sleeping during daytime hours are at greater risk...
Safe thresholds for antibiotics in sewage needed to help combat antibiotic resistance
Imagine a reusable face mask that protects wearers and those around them from SARS-CoV-2, is comfortable enough to wear all day, and stays in place without frequent adjustment. Based on decades of experience with filtration and textile materials, Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have designed a new mask intended to do just that -- and are providing the plans so individuals and...
Scientists discover a warped disc "torn apart by stars" in a triple Tatooine-like system
New research reveals current understanding of safe antibiotic levels in rivers may not prevent evolution of antibiotic resistance and fully protect human health. The study suggests the need to introduce thresholds to help fight the spread of resistant bacteria.
Pioneering new research has revealed the first direct evidence that groups of stars can tear apart their planet-forming disc, leaving it warped and with tilted rings.
Social experiences impact zebrafish from an early age
As we get older, many of our body's processes start slowing down. For instance, a cut on the hand will take longer to heal after middle age than in youth. That said, it still heals.
Special Issue - Democracy: In Flux and Under Threat
Study in zebrafish demonstrates that early social experiences have an effect on the behaviour of the fish even at an age when they are still not considered "social".
Start here to make a protein
In this special issue of Science, a series of Insights pieces examines the current state of democracy worldwide.
Study identifies how infection by Zika virus during pregnancy can affect the fetal brain
Researchers at UC Davis and the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, U.K. have solved the the structure of the complex formed when mRNA is being scanned to find the starting point for translating RNA into a protein. The discovery, published Sept. 4, 2020 in Science, provides new understanding of this fundamental process.
Study in half a million adults with overweight or obesity suggests benefit of weight loss on serious health problems
The study by more than 30 Brazilian scientists investigated tens of thousands of genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic variables, discovering several alterations caused by the vÃrus.
Study of siblings finds moderate cannabis use impacts cognitive functioning
People with obesity who intentionally (not because of illness) lost an average (median) 13% of their initial body weight reduced their relative risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 42%-44%, sleep apnoea by 22%-27%, high blood pressure by 18%-25%, and dyslipidaemia (unusually high levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood) by 20-22%, according to a study of over 550,000 adults in primary...
Study reveals lactose tolerance happened quickly in Europe
A new study led by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine compares adolescent siblings to determine the impact of early and frequent use of marijuana on cognitive function. This study, published in the journal Addiction, contrasts with previous studies by finding that moderate adolescent cannabis use may have adverse effects that cannot be explained by the genetic or...
Study: Vitamin D deficiency may raise risk of getting COVID-19
A new study published in Current Biology reveals that the ability for humans to digest milk (lactase persistence) spread through Central Europe quickly in evolutionary terms.
Tear gas should be banned, researchers find; here's why
In a retrospective study of patients tested for COVID-19, researchers at the University of Chicago Medicine found an association between vitamin D deficiency and the likelihood of becoming infected with the coronavirus. The findings were published Sept. 3, 2020 in JAMA Network Open.
Texas A&M researchers develop treatment for canine ocular condition using turmeric
Tear gas should be banned as it is inherently indiscriminate and frequently abused when deployed against peaceful assemblies, in enclosed spaces, in excessive quantities and against vulnerable populations. It cannot distinguish between the young and the elderly, the healthy and the sick, the peaceful and the violent. Its deployment can also cause myriad health harms, including severe injuries and...
Researchers at Texas A&M University have produced a therapeutic derived from turmeric, a spice long-praised for its natural anti-inflammatory properties, that shows promise in decreasing ocular inflammation in dogs suffering from uveitis, an inflammation of the eye that leads to pain and reduced vision.