88 articles from FRIDAY 10.6.2022

Rename monkeypox to remove geographic stigma, researchers say

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. The name “hMPXV A.1” may not roll off the tongue, but a prominent, international group of researchers contends that something like it should replace the current naming system for monkeypox and its so-called West African and Congo Basin strains. “In the...

America’s Best Astrophysicists Are Taking UFOs Seriously. Maybe You Should Too

NASA has spent more than 60 years flying UFOs. Every spacecraft that ever visited the moon, landed on Mars, buzzed by Jupiter, orbited Saturn, or reconnoitered Pluto would be a decidedly unidentified flying object to any alien intelligence that might encounter it. There may be no such intelligence beyond Earth in our solar system. But in interstellar space? That’s another question....

Immunotherapy may get a boost

T cells are usually very good at eliminating diseased cells. But they seem to fail when it comes to tumor cells. Researchers now describe what inhibits this immune function and how they can release the brake and boost the immune response against cancer.

Proteomic study of 2,002 tumors identifies 11 pan-cancer molecular subtypes across 14 types of cancer

A large study of 2,002 tumors from 14 types of cancer revealed 11 proteomic subtypes associated with distinct pathways in the tumors. These findings reveal the molecular landscape of cancers at the proteome level, to better understand how cancers grow and spread. The pan-cancer proteomic data is integrated into a comprehensive cancer multi-omic high-throughput data analysis platform that helps...

IgG antibodies in breast milk help shape infants' gut bacteria and immunity

Researchers have known for some time that maternal breast milk provides critical nutrients for newborns, and antibodies from mothers vaccinated against a specific disease-causing bacterium or virus can be transferred via breast milk to babies. Now a new preclinical study shows that one specific set of antibodies that is induced naturally by gut beneficial bacteria can be transferred from mothers...

Long Covid is a ‘national crisis.’ So why are grants taking so long to get?

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. David Putrino, a neurophysiologist at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, labored through his holiday last Christmas to write a grant application for urgently needed Long Covid research. With colleagues, he hoped to tap into $1.15 billion in funding that Congress...

Newly discovered Fast Radio Burst 190520 prompts more questions due to strange behavior

Newly discovered fast radio burst (FRB) 190520 shows unique behavior compared to other FRBs discovered so far.  This deviant cosmic burst was observed by an international team, co-led by researchers at West Virginia University and the Center for Gravitational Waves and Cosmology. Just when you think you understand the pattern, a strange outlier comes along and forces you to re-evaluate all...

Liquid mirror telescope opens in India

Some content has been removed for formatting reasons. Please view the original article for the best reading experience. A unique telescope that focuses light with a slowly spinning bowl of liquid mercury instead of a solid mirror has opened its eye to the skies above India. Such telescopes have been built before, but the 4-meter-wide International Liquid Mirror Telescope (ILMT) is the...

Together We Rise

This Pride Month, NASA celebrates the significant contributions of LGBTQ+ employees, respects the individuality of our employees, and recognizes their contributions to advance NASA’s priorities. We support the positive movement to promote self-affirmation, dignity, equal rights, build community and create awareness for diversity and gender variance. At NASA, we support our employees'...

How crops can better survive floods

Researchers show which signaling pathways make plants more resistant to flooding. The molecule ethylene is a warning signal for plants that they are under water and switches on the emergency supply for survival without oxygen. A team shows that plants can survive longer without oxygen when pretreated with ethylene.

Wreck of 340-year-old sunken Royal Navy warship discovered off Norfolk coast – video

The wreck of a Royal Navy warship which sank in 1682 while carrying the future king James Stuart has been identified off the coast of Norfolk. The wreckage of HMS Gloucester was actually found in 2007 by two brothers, Julian and Lincoln Barnwell, following a four-year search which covered an area of more than 5,000 nautical miles. It is only now that its discovery can be made public. The HMS...

The secret carbon decisions plants are making about our future

New research from The University of Western Australia has revealed that plants make their own "secret" decisions about how much carbon to release back into the atmosphere via a previously unknown process, a discovery with "profound implications" for the use of plants as carbon stores.