NSF hopes big data will finger grantees not reporting foreign support
3,551 articles frome SEPTEMBER 2022
Exploring Jupiter's moon, Europa, possible with silicon-germanium transistor technology
The National Science Foundation (NSF) will soon begin crunching several large databases to see whether there are scientists who failed to disclose ties to foreign institutions in their grant applications. It is arguably the boldest of several steps federal research agencies are taking to comply with
a new law
that aims to boost U.S. technological innovation–and prevent...
- 22/9/30 22:32
Long-term study supports link between inflammation and cognitive problems in older breast cancer survivors
Europa is more than just one of Jupiter's many moons -- it's also one of most promising places in the solar system to look for extraterrestrial life. Under 10 kilometers of ice is a liquid water ocean that could sustain life. But with surface temperatures at -180 Celsius and with extreme levels of radiation, it's also one of the most inhospitable places in the solar system. Exploring Europa could...
- 22/9/30 22:32
Slave traders’ names are still stamped on native plants. It’s time to ‘decolonise’ Australia’s public gardens | Brett Summerell
Higher levels of a key inflammatory marker were related to older breast cancer survivors reporting cognitive problems, researchers found in one of the first long-term efforts to examine the potential link between chronic inflammation and cognition in older breast cancer survivors.
Why Atlantic Hurricanes Are Getting Stronger Faster Than Other Storms
For too long we’ve dismissed Indigenous knowledge of the natural world. At Sydney’s botanic garden, signage is starting to reflect Aboriginal namesLike all botanic gardens, the Royal Botanic Garden Sydney is a classic artefact of the activities that took place during the colonisation of Australia in the 18th and 19th century.It was established to create a patch of landscape that mirrored those...
Evidence of social relationships between chimpanzees, gorillas
Hurricane Ian, which peaked as a Category 4 storm in the Gulf of Mexico, hammered Southwest Florida this week, flooding the coastal areas around Fort Myers, leaving millions of people without power, and causing an unknown number of deaths. Ian lost some of its intensity as it crossed the state, but began regaining strength over the Atlantic, before veering back inland to slam Georgia and the...
- 22/9/30 20:52
Most Twitter users don't follow political elites, researchers suggest
Drawn from more than 20 years of observations at Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in the Republic of Congo, researchers documented lasting social ties between individual chimpanzees and gorillas that persisted over years and across different contexts.
New tech could provide cheaper, less-polluting way to refine crude oil
While social media platforms are the primary source of political information for a growing number of people, a majority of Twitter users do not follow either members of Congress, their president or news media, a new study suggests. They are much more likely to follow Tom Hanks or Katie Perry than an elected official.
Ocean brawlers: Whale watchers get rare view of orcas and humpbacks fighting in Salish Sea
Despite efforts to pivot toward renewable sources of energy, oil remains the backbone of modern society. It provides fuels for heat and transportation, and chemicals for everything from plastics to pharmaceuticals. But all these uses require separating crude oil into its various components. That separation process—which traditionally relies on heat—takes a tremendous amount of energy...
Webb, Hubble capture detailed views of DART impact
The Pacific Whale Watching Association says several of its members witnessed an extremely rare confrontation Thursday, when a pod of killer whales squared off with two humpbacks in the Juan de Fuca Strait east of...
- 22/9/30 19:37
The road to future AI is paved with trust
Two of NASA's Great Observatories, the James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, have captured views of a unique NASA experiment designed to intentionally smash a spacecraft into a small asteroid in the world's first-ever in-space test for planetary defense. These observations of NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) impact mark the first time that Webb and Hubble...
- 22/9/30 19:37
When country ants go to town
The place of artificial intelligence, AI, in our everyday life is increasing and many researchers believe that what we have seen so far is only the beginning. However, AI must be trustworthy in all situations. A new project has drawn up a research-based roadmap intended to guide research funding bodies and decision-makers towards the trustworthy AI of the future.
- 22/9/30 19:37
SuperAger brains contain 'super neurons'
Researchers have shown that a common ant species undergoes physiological and behavioral changes in unnatural settings.
- 22/9/30 19:36
Bioeconomy and carbon neutrality: 'Without further investments we will miss the target'
Neurons in an area of the brain responsible for memory were significantly larger in SuperAgers compared to cognitively average peers, individuals with early-stage Alzheimer's disease and even individuals 20 to 30 years younger than SuperAgers -- who are aged 80 years and older, reports a new study. The study of was the first to show that these individuals carry a unique biological signature that...
Study shows behavioral, physiological changes in ants disturbed by development, urban sprawl
"Without further investments in the bioeconomy, the net zero emission target will not be met." Data issued from the EU project Biomonitor point out gaps in the Green Deal and suggest speeding up procedures states, "New technologies must be fostered but length and complexity of the European approval process risk discouraging the investors."
Research reveals quantitative and high-resolution pressure functions of pressure-sensitive material
Research by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists in the Texas A&M Department of Entomology showed a common ant species undergoes physiological and behavioral changes in unnatural settings.
Enhanced mantle cooling during late-neoproterozoic records onset of modern plate tectonics
Researchers from Nagoya University in central Japan have published a study in the Journal of Materials Chemistry C on a pressure-sensitive material, known as fluorenylidene-acridane (FA). Their research has potential applications for technologies related to pressure sensing, recording, and display devices.
Researchers unveil mystery inside lithium oxygen batteries
A research team led by Prof. Sun Weidong from the Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS) and their collaborators from Curtin University and Geological Survey of Western Australia have reported a remarkable mantle cooling event that records the onset of modern plate tectonics.
Machine learning may enable bioengineering of the most abundant enzyme on the planet
With a high energy density, Li-O2 batteries have become a state-of-the-art battery technology. Inside the Li-O2 battery, the generation and disintegration of the discharged product solid lithium peroxide (Li2O2) have a significant effect on the battery's performance. Previous research has shed little light on Li2O2 's form and distribution inside, leaving questions regarding the trend and...
In Ian's wake, worried families crowdsource rescue efforts
A Newcastle University study has for the first time shown that machine learning can predict the biological properties of the most abundant enzyme on Earth—Rubisco.
Capturing extracellular vesicles: A new technology for isolating disease markers
Many people whose loved ones stayed behind in the pathway of Hurricane Ian are crowdsourcing rescue efforts as they grapple with the helplessness of waiting and not knowing.
'Extinct' wood-eating cockroach rediscovered after 80 years
Biophysicists from Skoltech, MIPT and their colleagues from the company Prostagnost have created a new technology for isolating extracellular vesicles (EV) from biological fluids. Studying vesicles is essential for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases, including cancer. The new technique not only outperforms methods known to date in purity and yield of EVs, but also is simple, fast,...
Delayed slow ocean response to carbon dioxide removal causes asymmetric tropical rainfall change
A large wingless wood-eating cockroach, unique to Australia's Lord Howe Island and thought extinct since the 1930s, has been rediscovered by a University of Sydney biology student.
Using fossil fuels causes large amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) to be emitted, which is one of the major greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. The climate changes under increasing CO2 radiative forcing (called "CO2 ramp-up") have been widely projected using numerical experiments. For a carbon-neutral world, more studies have begun to focus on the regional climate responses under...