151 articles from MONDAY 3.10.2022

Dynamics in one-dimensional spin chains: A new toolbox for elucidating future quantum materials

Neutron scattering is considered the method of choice for investigating magnetic structures and excitations in quantum materials. Now, for the first time, the evaluation of measurement data from the 2000s with new methods has provided much deeper insights into a model system—the 1D Heisenberg spin chains. A new toolbox for elucidating future quantum materials has been achieved.

Dynamics in one-dimensional spin chains newly elucidated

Neutron scattering is considered the method of choice for investigating magnetic structures and excitations in quantum materials. Now, for the first time, the evaluation of measurement data from the 2000s with new methods has provided much deeper insights into a model system -- the 1D Heisenberg spin chains. A new toolbox is available for elucidating future quantum materials has been achieved.

Mapping disease risk at human-wildlife 'hotspots'

New research has discovered that monkeys with the most human interactions, typically around sources of food, may act as 'superspreaders' of human respiratory diseases. The study found that locations with access to human-provisioned food see monkeys from different groups coming together and mixing closely, leading to larger outbreaks of zooanthroponotic diseases.

Image: Sun releases strong solar flare

The sun emitted a strong solar flare that peaked at 4:25 p.m. EDT on Oct. 2, 2022. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured an image of the event.

Mapping disease risk at human-wildlife 'hotspots'

New research has mapped how infectious diseases spread among wildlife populations in areas where humans and wildlife live in close proximity. The study has identified the animals, specifically wild monkeys that live in large groups alongside human settlements, that may act as "superspreaders."

Listeners may adapt to speaker-specific acoustics, study shows

Phonetic convergence, or phonetic imitation, is a form of speech production in which a talker's speech becomes similar to that of the person with whom they are speaking. In a recent article published in the journal Speech Communication, researchers studied whether and how people working together begin to sound more like each other as they work.

Study suggests La Niña winters could keep on coming

Forecasters are predicting a "three-peat La Niña" this year. This will be the third winter in a row that the Pacific Ocean has been in a La Niña cycle, something that's happened only twice before in records going back to 1950.

World's whitest paint now thinner than ever, ideal for vehicles

The world's whitest paint—seen in this year's edition of Guinness World Records and "The Late Show With Stephen Colbert"—keeps surfaces so cool that it could reduce the need for air conditioning. Now the Purdue University researchers who created the paint have developed a new formulation that is thinner and lighter—ideal for radiating heat away from cars, trains and airplanes.