Sunlight-absorbing organic compounds are produced on the wet surfaces of atmospheric particles
157 articles from THURSDAY 3.11.2022
Research shows COVID-19 lockdown did not lead to quieter offshore ocean
Heterogenous oxidation reactions can occur upon mixing chemicals that are in two different physical states, such a liquid and a gas; for example, in the atmosphere the reaction of gaseous nitrate (NO3) free radicals reaching the wet surface of aerosol particles containing aromatic pollutants from wildfires.
Companies often don't match climate talk and lobbying, study says
Life on land may have quieted down during the height of the pandemic, but far offshore the Atlantic Ocean was just as active as ever according to a new study from the University of New Hampshire. Researchers found that there was no significant change in the continental shelf's underwater soundscape during the year 2020—a surprising contrast to earlier reports of quieter coastal waters during...
New data buoy hopes for promising malaria vaccine—but questions remain
Major corporations' advocacy for clean energy and climate policies falls well short of the nearly unanimous support for cutting emissions and boosting renewable energy in the United States, according to a report from sustainability nonprofit Ceres.
Psychology researchers publish book on innovation and creativity
A new vaccine against malaria showed promising preliminary results in a large trial in four African countries, boosting hopes that an additional tool may soon be available to help control the deadly disease. The vaccine, named R21/Matrix-M and developed by researchers at the University of Oxford,
produced similarly impressive results in a small trial
Island archaeology could be a model for space exploration
Two psychology researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington have published a new book about how innovative ideas emerge in individual and group environments.
Aggressively patriarchal worldview attracted Swedish women to the Islamic State, study finds
As a human future among the stars becomes ever closer, one University of Oregon professor looks to the distant past for clues about how we can get there.
Macho makeup: New research on how cosmetics increase attractiveness in men
Contrary to popular belief, Swedish women who have joined the Islamic State (IS) were not simply passively manipulated by men. A new study from Lund University suggests that it was a strict religious culture, which opposes gender equality, and modern gender roles and norms, that attracted Swedish women to join.
Researchers' revamped AI tool makes water dramatically safer in refugee camps
Much research has been devoted to understanding the effect of makeup on perceptions. Several studies using carefully controlled before and after photographs have found that women's faces with makeup are judged as more attractive by both male and female raters than the same faces without makeup. This effect has been found across several styles of makeup, across ethnicities, and across various ages....
Sustainability claims behind booming food technologies lack evidence, study finds
Researchers from York University's Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research and Lassonde School of Engineering have revamped their Safe Water Optimization Tool (SWOT) with multiple innovations that will help aid workers unlock potentially life-saving information from water-quality data regularly collected in humanitarian settings.
In organizations, group dynamics influence individuals' likelihood of blowing the whistle on wrongdoing
A new analysis reveals significant gaps in evidence related to the sustainability claims of new food technologies such as vertical farming, blockchain, food deliveries and plant-based alternatives to animal products.
Combining neutrons and X-ray imaging, scientists study meteorites to explore how Earth acquired its water
Wrongdoing is endemic to organizations, costing U.S. firms billions of dollars in fraud. The primary way wrongdoing is caught is through whistleblowers, who have long been thought to act out of a desire to help or improve their organization.
Exploring the use of biostimulants within the Georgia golf industry
Each year, hundreds of meteorites—rocky bodies left over from the formation of the solar system—bombard Earth, delivering minerals, metals and water to our planet. Analyzing the crevices and mineral-rich deposits inside meteorites not only reveals the early history of planet formation but may provide clues about how the young Earth acquired water and other ingredients essential for life.
Organoids reveal how SARS-CoV-2 damages brain cells -- and a potential treatment
Golf course superintendents are often under pressure to maintain high-quality turf. Such demand entails use of inputs, which can include biostimulants that are often marketed as a way of combating plant stress and improving turf quality. However, the extent of their use by superintendents and their level of efficacy are not well understood.
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A novel instructive role for the entorhinal cortex discovered
COVID-19 infections can result in long-lasting neurological symptoms. New research suggests an already approved anti-viral may inhibit viral replication and rescue impaired neurons.
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Bumblebees play with balls just for fun, study finds
Researchers have discovered the mechanistic steps underlying a new type of synaptic plasticity called behavioral timescale synaptic plasticity (BTSP). The study reveals how the entorhinal cortex (EC) sends instructive signals to the hippocampus -- the brain region critical for spatial navigation, memory encoding, and consolidation -- and directs it to specifically re-organize the location and...
Oldest paleogenome from the African continent tells of the extinction of the blue antelope
Bumblebees, it appears, are quite playful — especially when they're young.
Sharp divide in state legislative abortion response during first two months after Dobbs decision
The blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus) was an African antelope with a bluish-gray pelt, related to the living sable and roan antelopes. The last blue antelope was shot around 1800, only 34 years after it was first described scientifically, making it the only large African mammal species to have become extinct in historical times.
Why keeping it in the family can be good news when it comes to CEOs
In the initial two months following the US Supreme Court's decision to overturn Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization on June 24, 2022, states have engaged in a flurry of activity to either limit the impact of the decision by shoring up access to abortion or by doubling-down on the new ability to pass laws restricting access to reproductive care.
Disconnection, not teens' screen time, is the problem
The stereotype of a family firm is one where nepotism is rife and talent goes unrewarded. Yet according to a new study co-authored by a Cambridge researcher, having a family CEO in charge can actually boost positive emotions in employees and lower voluntary turnover.
Summer mechanical hedging to prune eight cider apple cultivars
While many parents and caregivers believe teens spend too much time on smartphones, video games and social media, a Michigan State University researcher says not to worry about screen time.
Could coffee offer protection from catching COVID-19?
The results of a study by researchers at Washington State University published in the journal HortTechnology, show that summer mechanical hedging could significantly reduce pruning labor time and costs in cider apples. To date, cider apple orchard management has followed the same guidelines as dessert apples, with all pruning done by hand. This can represent about 20–25% of total labor costs.
Novel nanowire fabrication technique paves way for next generation spintronics
Could consuming a cup of coffee be an effective way to protect yourself against infection with coronavirus? What has not yet been proven in practice is at least very plausible according to biochemical research.
As our world modernizes faster than ever before, there is an ever-growing need for better and faster electronics and computers. Spintronics is a new system which uses the spin of an electron, in addition to the charge state, to encode data, making the entire system faster and more efficient. Ferromagnetic nanowires with high coercivity (resistance to changes in magnetization) are required to...