128 articles from MONDAY 9.1.2023

NASA’s Retired Compton Mission Reveals Superheavy Neutron Stars

Portal origin URL: NASA’s Retired Compton Mission Reveals Superheavy Neutron StarsPortal origin nid: 484924Published: Monday, January 9, 2023 - 17:15Featured (stick to top of list): noPortal text teaser: Signals found in archival observations of powerful explosions called short gamma-ray bursts indicate the brief existence of a supersized neutron star before it collapsed...

Hydrogen masers reveal new secrets of a massive star

While using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the masers around oddball star MWC 349A scientists discovered something unexpected: a previously unseen jet of material launching from the star's gas disk at impossibly high speeds. What's more, they believe the jet is caused by strong magnetic forces surrounding the star.

Scientists find pair of black holes dining together in nearby galaxy merger

While studying a nearby pair of merging galaxies using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA)—an international observatory co-operated by the U.S. National Science Foundation's National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)—scientists discovered two supermassive black holes growing simultaneously near the center of the newly coalescing galaxy.

Want natural food dye? Amaranth delivers, according to study

Artificial food dyes have been linked to multiple health concerns, including hyperactivity in children, allergies, and certain cancers. The science isn't settled and the Food and Drug Administration says color additives are safe, but consumers are nonetheless clamoring for natural alternatives.

Two studies identify new strategies for insect control

Mosquitoes spread several diseases, among them malaria and dengue virus. In 2020, about 241 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide, with a few more million cases occurring in 2021. Nearly half the world's population lives in regions where contracting dengue virus is a risk. Insects also destroy a third of agriculture.

Studies identify new strategies for insect control

New research by scientists at the University of California, Riverside, has potential in insect control through volatile repellents that could be applied on surfaces such as windowsills, eves of huts, house entryways, backyards, outside produce storage areas, entryways of livestock shelters, and next to crops in a field.

Climate 'presses' and 'pulses' impact Magellanic penguins -- a marine predator -- with guidance for conservationists

Climate change will reshape ecosystems through two types of events: short-term, extreme events -- or 'pulses' -- and long-term changes, or 'presses.' Understanding the effects of presses and pulses is essential as conservationists and policymakers try to preserve ecosystems and safeguard biodiversity. Researchers have discovered how different presses and pulses impacted Magellanic penguins -- a...

Warming oceans have decimated marine parasites -- but that's not a good thing

Save the ... parasites? Analyzing 140 years of parasite abundance in fish shows dramatic declines, especially in parasites that rely on three or more host species. The decline is linked to warming ocean temperatures. Parasitic species might be in real danger, researchers warn -- and that means not just fewer worms, but losses for the entire ecosystem.