Marine viruses: Submerged players of climate change
261,088 articles from PhysOrg
Seismic waves convey lithospheric delamination mechanism in South China
While the world has been heavily focused on the usual players of global climate change, like fossil fuels and deforestation, a group of unlikely contenders has emerged from the depths of the ocean—marine viruses. These minuscule but mighty entities are now stealing the limelight as scientists unravel their profound influence on our planet's climate.
Importance of Wolbachia-mediated biocontrol to reduce dengue in Bangladesh and other dengue-endemic developing countries
A research team led by Prof. Zhang Haijiang from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Prof. Hou Zengqian from Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, revealed the seismically imaged lithospheric delamination and its controls on the Mesozoic Magmatic Province in South China by using a new joint seismic inversion algorithm. The study was...
Which is better—digitalization or digital transformation?
Mosquito-borne diseases, particularly dengue and chikungunya have become global threats, infecting millions of people worldwide, including developing countries of Southeast Asia and Latin America. Bangladesh, like many other developing countries, is experiencing frequent dengue outbreaks. This article, therefore, critically discusses the current status of dengue disease, vector control approaches,...
Unlocking early Earth chemistry: Salt-induced changes in polyester microdroplet structure
Have you ever wondered what the terms digitalization and digital transformation really mean? Are you unsure about when to use these terms and what they mean to you? And, more to the point, what's the difference?
First satnav receiver designed to operate in lunar orbit delivered to satellite maker
Billions of years ago, Earth was an extremely hostile planet with active volcanoes, a harsh atmosphere, and no life. This prebiotic Earth, however, was filled with a wide array of abiotic organic molecules derived from its early environment, which underwent chemical reactions that eventually led to the origin of life.
Jiu Jitsu club stage physical assaults to help advance forensic research
The first satnav receiver designed to operate in lunar orbit has been delivered to satellite maker Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd in the UK for integration aboard the Lunar Pathfinder spacecraft.
Underwater noise shown to disturb feeding behavior of marine organisms
Researchers from Northumbria University and King's College London have published findings outlining the extent that textile fibers transfer during controlled assault scenarios.
Local newspaper coverage improves information about public companies
Many marine organisms, such as fish, marine mammals and crustaceans, produce and use sound to navigate, reproduce, detect prey and avoid predators. However, anthropogenic sound, for example from the construction and operation of offshore wind farms, drilling, seismic surveys and shipping, is changing the acoustic landscape in the ocean.
Push-pull practices 'control pests, increase maize yields'
Accounting researchers at the University of Arkansas are deepening their understanding of the effect of shrinking newsrooms on the financial information of public companies.
Invasive oak processionary moth caterpillars cause concern for England's trees
So-called "push-pull" agricultural practices that aim to improve crop yields by minimizing the use of synthetic herbicides and insecticides increases yields and prevents pests from adapting over time, a study shows.
Opinion: An El Niño looms over Australia's stressed electricity system, and the nation must plan for the worst
An insect that can be hazardous to human health is spreading across southeast England.
World's first city-wide plastic survey: Harnessing people power to help with plastic pollution in Portsmouth
The Bureau of Meteorology this week declared a 70% chance of an El Niño developing this year. It's bad timing for the electricity sector, and means Australians may face supply disruptions and more volatile energy prices.
Image: Hubble observes jellyfish galaxy JO206
A UK city has become the first in the world to use city wide surveys to track plastic waste, in an effort to tackle plastic pollution.
Help, bees have colonized the walls of my house! Why are they there and what should I do?
The jellyfish galaxy JO206 trails across this image from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, showcasing a colorful star-forming disk surrounded by a pale, luminous cloud of dust. A handful of foreground bright stars with crisscross diffraction spikes stands out against an inky black backdrop at the bottom of the image. JO206 lies over 700 million light-years from Earth in the constellation...
New study takes a high-level look at Nazca boobies' breeding
Have you spotted a swarm of flying insects emerging from a wall? Or noticed a buzzing noise coming from inside the house?
Conceptualizing and studying infrastructure junctions and the power geometries of low-carbon place-making
Nazca boobies can live to 28 years of age, but in their late teens, their ability to raise chicks declines substantially. Why their breeding drops in old age has plagued Wake Forest University Professor of Biology David Anderson for years. But a new study, published in Ecology and Evolution, may help answer the question, by looking at their ability to forage, or search for and capture food.
The 'good fire': Prescribed burning can prevent catastrophic wildfires in the future
A research article about where, how, when, and for whom low-carbon places are made. The making of low-carbon places is a critical component of responses to climate change and can help in achieving decarbonization.
Researchers map the blind spots for achieving a low-carbon transition in the Global South
Roaring flames, burned-out houses and cars, hazy air and orange skies are all around us. Already this year, millions of hectares have been torched by more than 2,200 wildfires in Canada.
Influenced by light, biological rhythms say a lot about animal (and human) health
A network of over 60 international researchers has collaborated intensely over 18 months to identify knowledge gaps and opportunities needed to achieve a low-carbon transition in the Global South. They have developed an actionable research agenda to guide funders and scholars to where they should direct their efforts.
Researchers discover materials exhibiting huge magnetoresistance
Life patterns help humans and other animals stay in sync with nature and in good form.
More than 50 chemicals discovered in water off Hampshire and West Sussex coasts
A group of researchers from Tohoku University has unveiled a new material that exhibits enormous magnetoresistance, paving the way for developments in non-volatile magnetoresistive memory (MRAM).
Northern bettong genes reveal low genetic diversity, complicating protection measures
An ongoing study looking at water quality in and around Chichester and Langstone harbors has revealed high levels of potentially harmful chemicals.
Wireless sensor enables real-time spoilage alerts on food
Scientists surveying the endangered northern bettong have discovered one particular sub-population of the species is in significant trouble and needs urgent help.
Quantum materials: Electron spin measured for the first time
Food waste and food-borne diseases are among the most critical problems urban populations face today. They contribute to greenhouse emissions tremendously and amplify economic and environmental costs. Since food spoilage remains the main reason for this waste, the circumstances of processing, transporting, and preserving food still need to be improved in line with current technological...
Toxic smoke dissipates over northeastern US
An international research team has succeeded for the first time in measuring the electron spin in matter—i.e., the curvature of space in which electrons live and move—within "kagome materials," a new class of quantum materials.
Enhancing the fluorescence of single silicon carbide spin color centers
Residents of northeastern United States were breathing more easily Friday as smoke from Canadian fires gradually cleared after blanketing several cities in a noxious haze this week.
Ultrashort light pulses shaped like a spring toy bring a new twist to photonics
In a study published online in Nano Letters, the team led by Prof. Li Chuanfeng and Dr. Xu Jinshi from the University of Science and Technology of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences made progress in enhancing the fluorescence of single silicon carbide spin defects.
Scientists demonstrate 3D 'bio-printing' inside organoids growing in hydrogels
We've all played at least once with a spring toy, but did you know that light can be shaped like a spring too?
Heat transport in energy materials: Study clarifies fundamental microscopic mechanisms
Scientists from the NIHR Great Ormond Street Hospital Biomedical Research Centre (a collaboration between GOSH and UCL), London, and University of Padova, Italy, have shown for the first time how 3D printing can be achieved inside "mini-organs" growing in hydrogels—controlling their shape, activity, and even forcing tissue to grow into "molds."
The NOMAD Laboratory researchers have recently shed light on fundamental microscopic mechanisms that can help with tailoring materials for heat insulation. This development advances the ongoing efforts to enhance energy efficiency and sustainability.