New paper highlights the co-benefits of coordinating climate action and peacebuilding
Interdisciplinary environmental history: How narratives of the past can meet the challenges of the Anthropocene
Climate change can manifest in different ways: stronger tropical droughts, extreme droughts, warmer climates and highly unpredictable rainfall patterns. All these endanger the availability of food, which in turn could increase conflict over resources, which can turn violent in the absence of spaces for dialogs and negotiations to transform conflict by peaceful means. Violent conflict affects...
Widespread bullying and gender-based harassment in the transport industry restricts female participation
The stories historians tell about society and climate typically take one of two forms: stories in which societies experience catastrophic collapse due to climate change and stories in which societies show resilience, riding out climatic disasters due to the durability of the system's structures.
New method unearths improved understanding of soil microbial interactions
A new book "Women, Work and Transport" brings together researchers with international expertise in gender and transport work, to provide original evidence of the experiences of women working in all transport modes across countries in the Global North and the Global South.
Genomes OnLine Database introduces new features
Linking the identity of wild microbes with their physiological traits and environmental functions is a key aim for environmental microbiologists. Of the techniques that strive for this goal, Stable Isotope Probing—SIP—is considered the most effective for studying active microorganisms in natural settings.
Researchers unveil evolution of paleodiet at Neolithic Qujialing site
Since its launch 25 years ago, the Genomes OnLine Database (GOLD) has matured from six projects on a spreadsheet into a flagship genomic metadata repository, making curated microbiome metadata that follows community standards freely available, and enabling large-scale comparative genomics analysis initiatives.
Astronomers see stellar self-control in action
The sustainable development of agriculture has laid a solid foundation for the birth of human civilization and countries. Early agriculture has long been a focus of archaeology. China is the only country in the world with two independent agricultural systems, that is, rice farming in the south and millet farming in the north.
Searching for new particles using quantum sensors
Many factors can limit the size of a group, including external ones that members have no control over. Astronomers have found that groups of stars in certain environments, however, can regulate themselves.
Oldest Pterodactylus fossil found in Germany
In a recent study published in the journal National Science Review, a laboratory search for exotic spin-dependent interactions was conducted with an ensemble-NV-diamond magnetometer. New experimental constraints on two types of exotic interactions were established at the micron scale.
Team creates nano-magnets that could restore damaged nerve cells
Pterosaurs, the flying reptiles of the dinosaur era, originated in the Late Triassic (227 million years ago) and became extinct at the end-Cretaceous extinction event (66 million years ago). With wing spans ranging from 1 to 12 meters, they dominated the world's skies for more than 160 million years.
Six priorities to get Kenya's curriculum back on track, or risk excluding many children from education
Neurons are the fundamental units of the brain and nervous system, the cells responsible for receiving sensory input from the external world, for sending motor commands to our muscles, and for transforming and relaying the electrical signals at every step in between. Neurons, also called nerve cells, are composed of three main parts: the cell body, the dendrites and the axon—a long, thin...
Strongest Arctic cyclone on record led to surprising loss of sea ice
Kenya's education curriculum was reformed in 2017 to improve its quality—but now many Kenyans are calling for change again. Public disillusionment with the competency-based curriculum has forced a government review.
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Somalia meteorite: Joy as scientists find two new elements
The strongest Arctic cyclone ever observed struck in January 2022. A new analysis shows that while forecasts accurately predicted the massive storm, models seriously underestimated its effect on sea ice. Results suggest where forecast models for a changing Arctic Ocean could improve.
Flexible strain sensor enabled by carbon nanofibers can 'read lips'
Elaliite and elkinstantonite are the new names but the Saar people in Somalia call it Nightfall.
Shenzhou-15: China sends astronauts to Tiangong space station
Wearable, flexible strain sensors unobtrusively monitor tiny vibrations of human skin in real time and with great accuracy, thanks to innovative fabrication techniques using composite materials. High sensitivity and a wide working range are key parameters for a high-quality strain sensor, but it's difficult to attain both characteristics on the same sensor due to limitations in structure and...
Plastic additives found to contaminate the sea and selectively harm corals' reproductive processes
China has sent astronauts to live on its space station, the second permanent outpost in orbit.
Magnetic material mops up microplastics in water
A new study by Tel Aviv University and the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat examined the effect of plastic additives on the reproductive process and larvae development of corals and other organisms commonly found in the coral reef of Eilat.
Scientists propose framework for understanding establishment of plants after long-distance dispersal
Researchers at RMIT University have found an innovative way to rapidly remove hazardous microplastics from water using magnets.
Baby star 'burps' tell tales of frantic feeding, data shows
Mechanisms of plant colonization after long-distance dispersal (LDD) and current related knowledge were the topic of a review by Prof. Li Dezhu's team at the Kunming Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), in collaboration with researchers from the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of CAS, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and the University of Edinburgh.
Increasing crop yields by breeding plants to cooperate
The youngest stars often shine in bright bursts as they consume material from surrounding disks.
Bats are the death metal singers of the animal world, research shows
A simple breeding experiment, combined with genetic analysis, can rapidly uncover genes that promote cooperation and higher yields of plant populations, according to a new study published November 29 in the open access journal PLOS Biology, by Samuel Wuest of the University of Zurich and Agroscope, Switzerland, and colleagues. The results have the potential to quickly increase crop productivity...
Bats growl like death metal singers and Mongolian throat singers
Mammals can produce sound from ventricular folds, used by humans only for Tuvan throat singing and ‘death metal grunting’It has long been known Ozzy Osbourne has a taste for bats. But now it seems the mammals are also fans of his.Bats greet each other with death metal growls, scientists have discovered, and possess a vocal range which far surpasses that of most humans. Continue...
Many animals produce sound to communicate with each other, and bats are no exception. But bats are extreme when it comes to sound production.