AI meets green: The future of environmental protection with ChatGPT
Integrity of 'independent' state traffic stop analysis questioned by researcher's opposite conclusions
The rapid growth of environmental data presents a significant challenge in analyzing complex pollution networks. While ML has been a pivotal tool, its widespread adoption has been hindered by a steep learning curve and a significant knowledge gap among environmental scientists.
Identification of priority areas is essential to ecosystem conservation and restoration: Study
A Northeastern University professor who found a persistent and widespread discrepancy in how often Massachusetts police ticket white drivers and drivers of color is questioning the analysis of a report released by the state Executive Office of Public Safety and Security.
After intense predictions, what happened to El Niño?
Establishing an integrated ecological security pattern (ESP) is an effective way to achieve higher and more comprehensive ecological goals in the future.
Novel RNA- or DNA-based substances can protect plants from viruses, scientists show
After many predictions, on September 19, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology formally announced an El Niño for the summer of 2023/2024, several months after it had been declared by other international meteorological agencies.
Study uncovers the influence of the livestock industry on climate policy through university partnerships
Individually tailored RNA or DNA-based molecules are able to reliably fight off viral infections in plants, according to a new study by the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Cyber-physical heating system may protect apple blossoms in orchards
The livestock industry's impact on climate change has long been a subject of concern, as detailed in the 2006 United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization's 390-page report "Livestock's Long Shadow." The report provided the first global assessment of animal agriculture's contribution to anthropogenic warming, land degradation, air pollution, water shortage and loss of biodiversity. Further,...
Biochemists discover compound that inhibits evolution of antibiotic resistance
Spring frosts can have devastating effects on apple production, and a warming climate may be causing trees to blossom early, making them more susceptible to the damaging effects of extreme cold events. Growers' attempts to prevent the flowers from freezing by attempting to heat the canopies of their orchards largely have been inefficient.
Poor spatial navigation could predict Alzheimer's disease years before the onset of symptoms
Vanderbilt scientist Houra Merrikh led a team of researchers who discovered the first anti-evolution chemical compound that prevents drug resistance development in bacteria. The compound is also a drug development platform that targets antimicrobial resistance during treatment of infections with antibiotics and evolution in general, Merrikh said.
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Slimming down a colossal fossil whale
People at risk of Alzheimer's disease have impaired spatial navigation prior to problems with other cognitive functions, including memory, finds a new study.
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Astronomers discover heavy elements after bright gamma-ray burst from neutron star merger
A 30 million year-old fossil whale may not be the heaviest animal of all time after all, according to a new analysis by paleontologists. The new analysis puts Perucetus colossus back in the same weight range as modern whales and smaller than the largest blue whales ever recorded.
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Surprising methane discovery in Yukon glaciers: 'Much more widespread than we thought'
An international team of astronomers obtained observational evidence for the creation of rare heavy elements in the aftermath of a cataclysmic explosion triggered by the merger of two neutron stars.
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How first cells could have formed on Earth
Global melting is prying the lid off methane stocks, the extent of which we do not know. A researcher has now discovered high concentrations of the powerful greenhouse gas in meltwater from three Canadian mountain glaciers, where it was not thought to exist -- adding new unknowns to the understanding of methane emissions from Earth's glaciated regions.
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Recycling research finds new process to transform glass fiber-reinforced plastic into silicon carbide
New phospholipid discovery brings researchers closer to understanding how primordial cells emerged during origin of life.
Lockdowns had an impact on gut microbes and allergies in newborns, new research reveals
Glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP), a strong and durable composite material, is widely used in everything from aircraft parts to windmill blades. Yet the very qualities that make it robust enough to be used in so many different applications make it difficult to dispose of—consequently, most GFRP waste is buried in a landfill once it reaches its end of life.
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AI-powered platform could help law enforcement get ahead of designer drugs
Lockdowns imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the gut microbiome development of babies born during these periods according to new research. Our gut microbiome, an ecosystem of microbes that live in our digestive tract, plays an essential role in human health. The study reveals significant differences in the microbiome development of babies born during lockdown periods when...
Researcher calls on urban planners to focus on equitable access to urban green spaces
An online platform powered by deep learning can predict the makeup of new psychoactive substances to help law enforcement in the fight against dangerous drugs.
Wildfire smoke disproportionately affects California's Indigenous communities, new research shows
Strolling along the promenade by the lake, walking through the city by the river, playing ping-pong in the park—everyday things like these are what increase our sense of well-being. Things we take for granted and around which we organize our free time—until, suddenly, the things we take for granted are no longer possible.
A lightweight fish pen to move farms to deeper seas
Researchers using a novel method of measuring long-term wildfire smoke exposure have found that Indigenous communities in California are exposed to disproportionate amounts of dangerous particulate matter—sometimes far beyond what has been previously known.
Dazzling sky survey maps 5,259 galaxy clusters and sheds light on dark matter
The University of Queensland has co-led a project to design a cost effective yet robust pen to expand fish farming into deeper ocean areas to help feed the growing global population. The research is published in the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering.
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With space travel comes motion sickness. These engineers want to help
Cosmologists have long been on the hunt for dark matter, which makes up 80 percent of the mass in the universe, and yet is still mysterious. As its name suggests, dark matter doesn’t emit light, absorb light, or interact with normal matter at all. We can only detect the presence of dark matter through itsContinue reading "Dazzling sky survey maps 5,259 galaxy clusters and sheds light on dark...
Study elucidates regulation mechanism for electrocatalytic nitrate reduction
In a corner room of the Aerospace Engineering Sciences Building at CU Boulder, Torin Clark is about to go for a ride.
Unlocking the mechanism of pineapple internal browning
A research team led by Prof. Zhang Haimin from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has conducted a systematic study on the regulation mechanism of heterostructure bimetallic phosphide electrocatalysts to improve the performance of electrochemical nitrate reduction reaction.
Internal browning (IB) is a significant post-harvest issue in pineapples, impacting fruit quality and leading to substantial losses, yet its mechanism remains poorly understood. Studies have shown that the accumulation of phenolic compounds plays a key role in tissue browning development.