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153,517 articles from ScienceDaily

The many ways nature nurtures human well-being

A systematic review of 301 academic articles on 'cultural ecosystem services' has enabled researchers to identify how these nonmaterial contributions from nature are linked to and significantly affect human well-being. They identified 227 unique pathways through which human interaction with nature positively or negatively affects well-being. These were then used to isolate 16 distinct underlying...

Nutrition solution can help heat-stressed cows as US warms

Rising temperatures pose major challenges to the dairy industry -- a Holstein's milk production can decline 30 to 70% in warm weather -- but a new study has found a nutrition-based solution to restore milk production during heat-stress events, while also pinpointing the cause of the decline.

Signs of disturbance in nearby dwarf galaxies indicate an alternative gravity theory

According to the standard model of cosmology, the vast majority of galaxies are surrounded by a halo of dark matter particles. This halo is invisible, but its mass exerts a strong gravitational pull on galaxies in the vicinity. A new study challenges this view of the Universe. The results suggest that the dwarf galaxies of Earth's second closest galaxy cluster -- known as the Fornax Cluster -- are...

How learning about wellbeing can benefit university students' own wellbeing

Studying wellbeing science as part of their courses could be a key way of improving how today's students cope with the barrage of stressors they face. Students are a high-risk population for mental ill-health and face increasing academic demands, loneliness and inancial pressures but now a team examined the benefit they could get from studying an optional wellbeing science module.

A brain mechanism underlying the evolution of anxiety

New research using genome editing technology has allowed scientists to create a model and assess a gene mutation associated with neuropsychiatric disorders in humans. The study has revealed how the mutation functions in the brain and affects anxiety and sociality.

New study calculates retreat of glacier edges in Alaska's Kenai Fjords National Park

As glaciers worldwide retreat due to climate change, managers of national parks need to know what's on the horizon to prepare for the future. A new study has measured 38 years of change for glaciers in Kenai Fjords National Park south of Anchorage and discovered that 13 of the 19 glaciers show substantial retreat, four are relatively stable, and two have advanced. It also finds trends in which...

Treating cancer by sticking cells in place

Future treatments for advanced cancer could work by sticking cancer cells in place and preventing their spread around the body. A new study by researchers at UC Davis and the University of Washington shows how an antibody strengthens bonds between cells.

A simple, cheap material for carbon capture, perhaps from tailpipes

Today, the dominant, though energy-intensive method for capturing carbon dioxide for storage involves bubbling industrial emissions through liquid amines. MOFs and other porous materials are promising and more energy efficient. Now, researchers have found an even cheaper and equally efficient material for capturing CO2: porous melamine networks. The main ingredient in Formica, melamine has lower...


Tracking nitrogen pollution

Tropical coastal ecosystems are among the most biodiverse areas on Earth. And they're also on the front lines of effects caused by human activity. That's why it's becoming increasingly important, especially as human populations increase, to manage the impacts of runoff and wastewater that flow into the sea.