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18,365 articles from ScienceNOW

129I and 247Cm in meteorites constrain the last astrophysical source of solar r-process elements

The composition of the early Solar System can be inferred from meteorites. Many elements heavier than iron were formed by the rapid neutron capture process (r-process), but the astrophysical sources where this occurred remain poorly understood. We demonstrate that the near-identical half-lives of the radioactive r-process nuclei iodine-129 and curium-247 preserve their ratio, irrespective of the...

Afucosylated IgG characterizes enveloped viral responses and correlates with COVID-19 severity

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies are crucial for protection against invading pathogens. A highly conserved N-linked glycan within the IgG-Fc tail, which is essential for IgG function, shows variable composition in humans. Afucosylated IgG variants are already used in anticancer therapeutic antibodies for their increased activity through Fc receptors (FcRIIIa). Here, we report that afucosylated...

Comment on "Resolving spatial and energetic distributions of trap states in metal halide perovskite solar cells"

Ni et al. (Research Articles, 20 March 2020, p. 1352) report bulk trap densities of 1011 cm–3 and an increase in interfacial trap densities by one to four orders of magnitude from drive-level capacitance profiling of lead halide perovskites. From electrostatic arguments, we show that the results are not trap densities but are a consequence of the geometrical capacitance and charge injection...

In situ genome sequencing resolves DNA sequence and structure in intact biological samples

Understanding genome organization requires integration of DNA sequence and three-dimensional spatial context; however, existing genome-wide methods lack either base pair sequence resolution or direct spatial localization. Here, we describe in situ genome sequencing (IGS), a method for simultaneously sequencing and imaging genomes within intact biological samples. We applied IGS to human...